Nothing to Fear But Confusion!
First, it is one thing to have a vague fear about something, as in a premonition of worry, or a number of concerns and worries. Then one can also be afraid of something very specific, like spiders, snakes, rats or closed in spaces.
When referring to a fear as a singular impression at a particular moment and for a specific reason, then the word temor may be used — in the singular.
Vio que el mar en este lugar era profundo y le sacudió un temor frío (He saw that the sea in that place was deep and a cold fear seized him).
Después de las elecciones, desaparecieron muchos de nuestros temores (After the elections, many of our fears disappeared).
The word miedo is another word, always singular, that refers to fear as an abstraction:
El miedo muchas veces es irrational (Fear is often irrational).
Por miedo, los chicos no quisieron entrar en la casa abandonada (Because of fear, the boys refused to go into the abandoned house).
You can state what someone is afraid of by using the phrase tener miedo de, which is followed by a noun that reveals the cause or source of the fear:
Mis hermanas tienen miedo de las arañas (My sisters are afraid of spiders).
However, if someone is afraid of a person, note that instead of de, the preposition a (personal a) is used:
No tengas miedo a Enrique; en el fondo es cobarde (Don't be afraid of Enrique; deep down, he's a coward).
Finally, the verb temer, related obviously to the noun temor, above, is the verb used to show that someone is fearing something — which is shown by the object of the verb. It means to fear:
No hay nada que temer sino el miedo mismo (There is nothing to fear but fear itself).
Note in the foregoing example how the object of the verb to fear is the noun for fear that is employed when the fear is an abstraction. It is what FDR would have said if his speech had been in Spanish!
- Based on the author's more than 20 years experience teaching and translating Spanish
This post is part of the series: Spanish Usage
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- Using "Actual" and "Actually" in Spanish
- A Problem Preposition: The Ways "About" is Expressed in Spanish
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- Spanish Usage Questions: Ways to say "Again"
- Expressing the Many Meanings of After
- Spanish Usage Questions: How to Say "Ahead"
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- Using "Anyway…" in Spanish
- Let's Learn About How to Talk About Appointments & Dating
- What Do You Use for "Around" in Spanish
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- Beware of False Cognates! How to Express "Attend," "Assist," and "Help"
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- The Difference Between "Why" and "Because" in Spanish
- The Temporal and Spacial Meanings of "Before": How to Get it Right in Spanish
- Don't Be Left in the Dust! Learn to Express the Meanings of "Behind" in Spanish
- Get the Low Down on the Preposition "Below" and Say it Right in Spanish!
- Understand Saying "Help" in Spanish
- Translating "Beside" & "Besides" into Spanish: Interesting Solutions!
- Not all Meanings of "But" Are Equal!
- Expressing the Various Meanings of the Preposition "By" in Spanish
- What Can the English Word "Can" Mean and How to Get it Right in Spanish
- Spanish Usage Questions: "Corner"
- The Word "Country" in Spanish
- The Various Meanings of "Outweigh" in English and How to Express Them in Spanish
- Expressing the Idea of "Ownership" in Spanish
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- Spanish Usage Questions: "Having Fun"
- Even a Word Like "Even" Has Many Counterparts in Spanish
- Don't Go Wrong When You Look for Ways to Express "to fail"
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- You Have Nothing to Fear Except Not Knowing How to Say "Fear" in Spanish!
- Spanish Equivalents of the Common English Word "Find"
- Discover the Various Meanings of "Middle" and How to Say Them in Spanish
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