Don’t Fail to Take Notice of This Verb!
From failing a course to failing to do something, to disappointing someone… there are a number of uses of to fail in English. Let's explore the various verbs in Spanish that correspond to the many faces of this one English verb.
The Spanish verb fracasar is usually the first one listed in bilingual dictionaries, It doesn't cover as much ground as the English verb. It means to not succeed at something, or to generally make a mess of things in some way.
Miguel, no va a fracasar esta vez (Miguel isn't going to fail this time).
No vayas a fracasar, ¿eh? (Don't go and mess up, ok?)
The same verb can be used to express failing a class, but usually the verb suspender or the verb phrases quedar suspendido or ser suspendido are used when referring to failing a course. Note that the form suspendida as well as the plural forms suspendidos/suspendidas must be used if referring to more than one person or more than one female subject.
Mi amigo fracasó en la clase de geografía (My friend failed the geography class).
Mis amigas quedaron suspendidas el trimestre pasado (My [girl]friends flunked last quarter).
Nunca he sido suspendido (I have never flunked [a class, quiz, etc.]).
The verb suspender can be used actively, that is, when the professor is the subject, to show that he or she flunked someone:
El professor me suspendió (The prof flunked me).
The noun suspenso — meaning a failing grade — can be used too (even though the actual word for a grade in Spanish is una nota):
Me dio un suspenso (He gave me a failing grade).
When English speakers mean to fail to do something rather than failing at something, Spanish uses dejar de plus an infinitive:
Mis alumnos dejaron de entregar su trabajo final (My students failed to hand in their final paper).
This same construction, depending on context, also means to quit doing something, such as a bad habit:
Mi abuelo dejó de fumar (My grandfather quit smoking).
To not keep one's word or to break one's promises is expressed with falter a, as well as simply falter and the indirect object pronoun referring to the person who has been deceived, disappointed or otherwise impacted by the subject's turpitude:
Susana siempre falta a su palabra (Susan never keeps her word).
Esa chica me faltó cuando salió con Juan (That girl disappointed/deceived/failed me when she went out with Juan).
Finally, using most any action verb in the preterite with no in front of it will convey the idea of failing to…:
El tren no vino (The train failed to show).
Los perros no encontraron el conejo (The dogs failed to find the rabbit).
This post is part of the series: Spanish Usage
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- Using "Actual" and "Actually" in Spanish
- A Problem Preposition: The Ways "About" is Expressed in Spanish
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- Spanish Usage Questions: Ways to say "Again"
- Expressing the Many Meanings of After
- Spanish Usage Questions: How to Say "Ahead"
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- Using "Anyway…" in Spanish
- Let's Learn About How to Talk About Appointments & Dating
- What Do You Use for "Around" in Spanish
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- Beware of False Cognates! How to Express "Attend," "Assist," and "Help"
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- The Temporal and Spacial Meanings of "Before": How to Get it Right in Spanish
- Don't Be Left in the Dust! Learn to Express the Meanings of "Behind" in Spanish
- Get the Low Down on the Preposition "Below" and Say it Right in Spanish!
- Understand Saying "Help" in Spanish
- Translating "Beside" & "Besides" into Spanish: Interesting Solutions!
- Not all Meanings of "But" Are Equal!
- Expressing the Various Meanings of the Preposition "By" in Spanish
- What Can the English Word "Can" Mean and How to Get it Right in Spanish
- Spanish Usage Questions: "Corner"
- The Word "Country" in Spanish
- The Various Meanings of "Outweigh" in English and How to Express Them in Spanish
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- Even a Word Like "Even" Has Many Counterparts in Spanish
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- You Have Nothing to Fear Except Not Knowing How to Say "Fear" in Spanish!
- Spanish Equivalents of the Common English Word "Find"
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