How Do You Teach Voice in Writing: It's Easier Than You Think

Page content

How Do You Teach Voice in Writing?

After teaching students how to write for an audience and with a purpose and how to effectively evaluate point of view, I felt good about myself once again. I called my mom and told her what a smart son she had. Then I realized my students had no idea how to effectively maintain a personal voice while writing. In shock, I called my mom, advised her to give me up for adoption, and cancelled the appointment with my time management advisor. I was too busy.

I had work to do. I had to teach my student’s not to turn in dozens of bland assignments. Here’s what I came up with.

Explain Voice to Students

When I began teaching, I had no idea how to teach voice. I wasn’t even sure what it was. I asked several colleagues “How do you teach voice in writing?” I’ll summarize their answers: “Voice, you either have it or you don’t. You can’t really teach it.” Translation: “I don’t know what it is either.”

Here’s what I teach now:

  • Each writer has a distinct personality.
  • Each writer has passions, opinions, prejudices, and information.
  • Words should capture the writer’s personality.
  • Writers with strong voice capture the reader’s attention with individuality, liveliness, and energy.
  • Strong voice makes the writer’s purpose clear.
  • Strong voice helps readers experience the emotions of the writer and understand the writer’s ideas.
  • Careful word choice, punctuation, paragraphing, and style help strengthen a writer’s voice.


  • Show students two sample passages. You can find two of your own or use some of mine as examples: Memorable Moments from the 2007 NBA Finals and Reflections: What I Should Have Known About Essay Writing.
  • Read the first sample passage and ask the following questions: Does the author convey his or her voice? How does the reader know? What can be inferred about the author of this piece
  • Write the student responses on the board
  • Read the second passage and ask the same questions.
  • Discuss how these two passages, written by the same brilliant author, have two distinct voices with two different purposes: the first to entertain; the second to inform or persuade.

Effective Voice in Student Writing

  • If helping students with revision, instruct students to read their draft (rough or final).
  • Ask: Who is your intended audience? What voice would be most effective?
  • Discuss that when you determine the most appropriate voice for your purpose, write with that voice.
  • Remind students that knowing the audience is the key to finding your voice.
  • If using this assignment for revision, have students read their rough draft and change sentences, words, or phrases that do not convey their chosen voice.
  • Divide students in to groups of 3-4.
  • Instruct each student to read his or her draft to the group.
  • Listeners should identify passages that should be changed.
  • Instruct students to work individually on revision.
  • After revising, instruct students to reconvene and read their final draft.
  • Each group should choose the best revision and share it with the class.


  • Teaching experience.

This post is part of the series: Lesson Plans: Fine Tune Your Writing Focus

Writing that lacks focus confuses readers. Student writing lacks focus because they rarely have a purpose, do not know how to make a point, and write to an imaginary, non-existent audience. End their pointless meanderings with these simple lesson plans.

  1. Lesson Plan: Determining Audience and Purpose
  2. Teaching Students to Maintain a Personal Voice in Writing
  3. A Lesson Plan on Using Tone Effectively
  4. A Lesson Plan in Creating the Perfect Title