English Grammar Lesson Plan about Metaphors

What is a Metaphor?

Teachers read the following information to your students, then do the board work included in the next section.


What is a metaphor? Have you ever been told you are a an angel or maybe something not so nice as that? That is a metaphor. Metaphors state that one object is the same as another, unrelated object. A metaphor state that these two things have some common ground. A good example is "Tom is a bum." Tom is not really a bum, but perhaps what the speaker means is that Tom is lazy or avoids work. The literal interpretation of what the speaker actually said is, "Tom and a bum are both lazy."

We use metaphors everyday to express our opinions. Sometimes metaphors are used in a not so nice way, like name calling. Now that you know what a metaphor is, we are going to test your knowledge on the board!

Metaphor Board Work

Teachers, write the following statements on the board. Ask students to finish the statements and/or explain what they mean.

  1. This homework is a nightmare! (Explain the statement.)
  2. You are such a ______________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  3. Carrie is such a peach! ( Explain the statement.)
  4. This day has been a dream. (Explain the statement.)
  5. My mother is a/an ___________________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  6. Eric is just a big teddy bear. (Explain the statement.)
  7. My handwriting is chicken scratch. (Explain the statement.)
  8. My teacher is a/an ______________________. (Finish and explain the statement.)
  9. My allergies are driving me up the wall. (Explain the statement.)
  10. Carol is on my nerves! (Explain the statement.)

Independent Practice:

Once the board work is complete, ask the students to look at the person next to them and come up with a complimentary metaphor about them. Then, pass out and ask the students to complete the Metaphor Worksheet.


Metaphor Worksheet

This post is part of the series: Similes and Metaphors Lesson Plans

Read on in this series for fun activities using similes and metaphors.
  1. Similes and Metaphors
  2. A Lesson on the Simile
  3. Metaphor Lesson Plan