A Guide to Infant Learning and Development in the First Six Months

A Guide to Infant Learning and Development in the First Six Months
Page content

The relationship you have with your infant is the basis for his or her future development. Parents can promote a baby’s learning by having simple conversations with him or her, caressing and kissing the skin, responding quickly to tears and changing holding positions frequently. The changes you see during the first six months are remarkable!

However, the best advice you can give yourself is to not compare your baby’s developments and milestones with another child born around the same time or with older siblings. It will be amazing to see how your little one grows and learns at his or her own pace.

Baby’s First Quiz: Find Out What You Know

As you set out on this road called parenthood, begin by finding out just what you do and don’t know about your baby’s development. One thing is for certain: Each baby has his own timetable.

Emotional Development

Understand how bonding with your baby will emotionally secure him or her for life. Learn not only how your baby will learn and grow in this area during his or her first six months, but through the first two years. Sometimes crying isn’t because the child is hungry or tired but for other reasons.

Learning to Socialize

Besides emotional development, infants also grow socially during the first few months. Not sure what your baby needs by the sign he or she is giving you? It’s surprising to find out.

Motor Skill Development: Birth to Six Months

Your infant will also develop his or her motor skills during this time. This article outlines the typical milestones your child will have including holding up his or her head, rolling over and smiling. Your baby’s developmental milestones begin the day he or she is born.

What’s the Big Deal About Tummy Time?

Many of a child’s motor skills can relate to whether he or she had plenty of tummy time as an infant. Placing a newborn on his or her tummy each day (while awake, of course), helps a baby develop neck and shoulder muscles needed to hold up the head and prevent flattened head syndrome. Remember, tummy time is not for sleeping babies. It is recommended that Infants be on their backs when asleep.

Kangaroo Care: Time for Parent-Child Bonding

One way to bond with your newborn is through skin-to-skin contact between the baby and Mom or other caregiver. This helps strengthen the maternal-infant bond created when a child is born. It also helps the child feel safe in his or her new surroundings.

What Can Infants See?

Just like other everything else on a baby, an infant’s eyesight changes drastically during the first six months. Learn how a child is typically born color blind but quickly learns how to see colors and distinguish shapes. A baby’s eye color can also change.

Infant Development: Three to Six Months

From social and emotional milestones to conquering physical feats, your baby will do it all. Your child will react to his or her own reflection now and even smile and recognize familiar faces. The grasping reflex is stronger and he or she may also try to chew on his or her fingers.

Infant Learning Toys for Sensory Development

Sensory development and exploration is critical for brain growth in an infant. These top toys help infants learn how to interact in their environment by teaching them how to communicate, play, use body language and cause and effect. Toys for babies ages 0-6 months include rattles, tummy time mats, soft mirrors, chimes, soft books with textures and other musical objects.

Fun Learning Games for Your Baby

By the time a child is four or five months old, he or she is alert and ready to play! You can help an infant learn more about his or her surroundings with a few games. Babies at this age are learning about cause and effect, body parts (nose, mouth, hands), and basically imitating everything you are doing.

Common Effects of Down Syndrome: Locomotor Development

A baby born with Down Syndrome is developmentally delayed in some of his or her locomotor skills. Rolling over, sitting up and crawling will happen, but with time and support. Physical therapy is a must as is encouragement by family and friends.

Premature Infant Development

Premature babies oftentimes are slower to grasp some of the early milestones than their peers born full-term. Age determination and development are relevant factors in a premature baby’s growth. Learn how your baby can catch up in time.

Whether it is babbling, playing with a rattle, clapping his hands, or crying for his bottle, your baby will constantly be learning and exploring to find his way in the world. Help your baby develop some of these critical skills by reading and utilizing some of the information provided above. If you have any more ideas or advice to share, please feel free to do so.


  • Author’s own experience