Romeo and Juliet Quotes & Analysis: Understand Important Elements in Romeo & Juliet

Romeo and Juliet Quotes & Analysis: Understand Important Elements in Romeo & Juliet
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Act I

This list of Romeo and Juliet quotes is no where near exhaustive. It will, however, give you a good start to understanding the play.

Quote: From forth the fatal loins of these two foes / A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life / Whose misadventured piteous overthrows / Doth with their death bury their parents' strife (Prologue, 6-9)

Analysis: Shakespeare gives us the plot of the play before the play even begins. There is obviously more to be learned from the play than the series of events. Fatal loins makes for an interesting discussion.

Quote: O she doth teach the torches to burn bright! / It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night / As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear– / Beauty too rich for use, for Earth too dear! (I, v, 43-46)

Analysis: Romeo proclaims his infatuation for Juliet. He has seen her for about 2.63 seconds and has never spoken with her. He utters this mere hours after uttering similar thoughts about Rosaline. These words give insight into Romeo’s instability and his being controlled by his emotions. The final line foreshadows Juliet’s death.

Act II

Act I sets the stage. In Act II, the plot thickens. Here are some Romeo and Juliet quotes from Act II to make you sound smart.

Quote: O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? / Deny thy father and refuse thy name (II, ii, 33-34.

Analysis: The key word in Juliet’s question is wherefore, which means _wh_y, not where as many foolish neophyte Shakespeareans believe. Juliet, in these lines, declares her willingness to disown her own family if she can be with her true love, who she’s known for almost an hour-and-a-half. And you wonder why fathers go bald.

Quote: What’s in a name? That which we call a rose / By any other name would smell as sweet. (II, ii, 43-44).

Analysis: Juliet still tries to subdue her conscience with this reasoning, claiming that Romeo’s name matters not, for he is her true love. Juliet is wrong. A rose would not smell as sweet if you called it a Harkraken or Schnockter or a Sewage Weed. That’s just my analysis. What do you think?

Quote: Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow / That I shall say good night till it be morrow (II, ii, 184-5).

Analysis: Juliet speaks all the good lines. She’s a rather aggressive Middle Ages girl, don’t you think? Juliet obviously cares little for societal restrictions.


Understanding Romeo and Juliet quotes from Act III will make you sound smart. Here are some important Romeo and Juliet Act III quotes:

Party Time

Quote: A plague a both your houses. (III, i, 99)

Analysis: Mercutio as he dies says this to Romeo. It’s ironic that Mercutio blames Romeo even though Mercutio instigated the violence as Romeo attempted to stop it. Romeo feels responsible for Mercutio’s death and gets his revenge by slaying Tybalt. The curse Mercutio levels foreshadows the lovers' suicide.

Quote: Beautiful tyrant! Fiend angelical! / Dove feathered raven! Wolvish-ravening lamb! / Despised substance of divinest show! / A damned saint, an honorable villain! (III, ii, 73-79).

Analysis: Juliet can’t quite wrap her mind around the fact that Romeo has killed her cousin. Shakespeare’s brilliant use of oxymorons emphasizes Juliet’s confused state.

Quote: ‘Tis torture, and not mercy. Heaven is here, / Where Juliet lives; and every cat and dog / And little mouse, every unworthy thing, / Live here in heaven and may look on her; / But Romeo may not. (III, iii, 29-34)

Analysis: Romeo does not take the news of his banishment very well. He reacts with pure emotion and instability as evidenced by his attempted suicide a few minutes later. At Juliet’s time of greatest need, when she needs Romeo, her husband, to step up and be a man, he sinks to the floor and cries. Poor Juliet.

Act IV

Juliet fakes her death

Quote: I have a faint cold fear thrills through my veins / That almost freezes up the heat of life. (IV, iii, 15-16)

Analysis: Shakespeare gives us an array of literary devices with Juliet’s utterance. We get alliteration and foreshadowing. Juliet knows this will not end well.

Quote: Death is my son-in-law, Death is my heir (IV, v, 38)

Analysis: Capulet’s lament is ironic on so many levels. Death is his son-in-law insomuch that Romeo is dead to the city after his banishment. Romeo will be physically dead shortly as well. The audience knows that Juliet lives, making Capulet’s sorrow unnecessary.

Act V

Friar’s plan goes wrong.

Quote: Ah, dear Juliet, Why art thou yet so fair? Shall I believe / That unsubstantial Death is amorous? (V, iii, 102-3)

Analysis: Every time I scream, “Romeo, she’s fair because she’s still alive! Don’t do it!” I expect the end of the story to change. It never does. This is an excellent example of dramatic irony.

Quote: For never was a story of more woe / Than this of Juliet and her Romeo (V, iii, 309-10).

Analysis: It’s hard to argue with the Prince on this one.


  • Shakespeare, William. Prentice Hall Literature, Timeless Voices, Timeless Themes. Romeo and Juliet. Saddle River New Jersey: Pearson Education. 2002. 768-877.

This post is part of the series: Romeo and Juliet Study Helps

Impress your friends and teachers with your knowledge of Romeo and Juliet.

  1. Romeo and Juliet Study Guide: Character Analysis
  2. Famous Quotes from Romeo and Juliet with Analysis
  3. Brief Summary of Romeo and Juliet
  4. Studying the Major Themes of Romeo and Juliet
  5. How to Ace Your Test on Romeo and Juliet