The framework to improving English language proficiency is used for maintaining high quality in speaking, writing, reading and listening. Poor grammar and limited vocabulary are the two basic barriers to achieving language fluency in ESL students. In order to adhere to this framework, it is imperative to teach grammar in simple and succinct language. Language learning is a permanent process, and when solid groundwork is established for grammar and vocabulary building, the learner finds English language learning to be interesting and challenging. As teachers, we must realize the hurdles that the learners face from their point of view.
1. To communicate with others, use grade level language.
2. To participate in accountable talk in discussions.
3. To use charts and graphs for presentations.
4. To become involved in conversations with others.
5. To explain and support the learner’s point of view.
6. To use grade level vocabulary.
1. To use different ideas to create sentences and paragraphs for specific audience.
2. To use prewriting methods.
3. To get graphic organizers involved in the process.
4. To make use of available technology and make an impact on the audience with the written words and sentences.
1. To summarize the fiction and nonfiction content read.
2. To evaluate issues contained in the text.
3. Text information should be classified into topics and subtopics.
4. To learn to connect and compare ideas.
1. To develop and demonstrate appropriate skills while listening to formal and informal conversations.
There is an inherent fear for ESL learners when it comes to learning complex grammatical guidelines. Grammar can be taught quite interestingly. The framework for language learning can be laid out in simple, easy-to-learn processes. There is a little bit of groundwork required by the teacher to draw up ESL lesson plans to improve proficiency of English language. I would like to describe how any ESL student can learn English quite easily and efficiently.
Many times, we see advertisements that lure students saying, ”speak English in 10 days.” Those ads target unsuspecting ESL students who need to sit for qualifying exams for jobs and immigration. Those students do not know that English langage instructions programs are commercialized by prospectors who rake in cash for a quick curriculum of random English words, sentences and conversation segments for spoken English. It is unfortunate that ESL classes sometimes lack quality and professionalism. Be aware that credentials of the instructors and the credibility of the educational institutions have a lot to do with the success of a learning program.
Foreign students always ascribe the origin of English to England. When students learn about the Indo-Germanic plains and their lasting impact on the development and evolution of English language, they learn about the contributions that other languages and cultures have made on English.
Grammar, in Greek, means “art of letters.” To a new learner, grammar seems like a formidable fortress. There are ways in which a language teacher can interest new ELL students into grammar.
The components of English language are phonology (sounds), morphology (word structure), syntax (sentence structure) and semantics (meaning). Grammar is a set of rules that govern the composition of sentences, words and phrases. It is a requirement of English language to grammatically link thoughts and ideas in a coherent manner.
Good oral and written skills are required for eligibility to any entrance exams. The essence of English language is simplicity. Simplicity in writing, reading and speaking is the most required element for proper conveyance of messages. The higher your English learning becomes, the more you will learn to use coherent language that gives clarity to even complicated thoughts. Grammar is needed to present ideas effectively. A change in the word “is” to “was” changes a whole lot of circumstances and thought processes. Therefore, English grammar can be taught interestingly by making classrooms alive with meaning changes by the use of words.
Speak More to Build Fluency
Students learn better when they say words that are taught. Through the framework to improve English language proficiency, a spoken word can have great impact when the learner is the speaker. It can be compared to a swimming coach teaching swimming in the water by himself, while the student watches the coach. It makes a whole lot of a difference when the instructor speaks the instructions first, shows the way in which he swims and then lets the student do it on his own, following the rules and practicing it.
Practicing is the key to language learning. The more you use a word or a sentence, the better you become in absorbing the meaning and the effect of the word and the sentence. Likewise while teaching grammar, all lesson plans should be introduced in simple form, which can be clearly understood to all students. Students can form clusters or groups and practice and talk about what is taught. It goes for reading, writing and speaking sessions. Practical knowledge cannot be substituted. Just like how teachers get better by years of teaching, students acquire skills by constant practice. There are no short cuts to education. The more you learn, the better you understand.
Online English proficiency tests can evaluate the progress of a language learner. Using online tools for research, upgrading skills and for tests can definitely strengthen a self-learner. Cambridge University and other famous names have their own websites for providing framework for ELP. BBC Active English language learning works in cooperation with publishing and distribution partners around the world. BBC tools are still the most popular study material chosen by ESL learners world wide. British Council has state of the art online language learning centers and in person facilities. Never in the history of English has there been an exponential growth of words and usages like what we are experiencing in the current English language.
The impact has occurred due to the introduction of advanced technologies and the amalgamation of cultures. Along with that, accessibility to learning programs has been increasingly made available by way of computers, academic institutions and private educators. English language proficiency is a requirement for success and ELL students need to be prepared to strengthen themselves with thorough knowledge of grammatical rules and guidelines. They need to develop abundant vocabulary skills with an unending quest for acquiring new words on a daily basis, because their career path depends on their practical knowledge of their trade, enriched by English language proficiency.
- British Council, http://www.britishcouncil.org
- Assessment and Accountability Comprehensive Center, http://www.aacompcenter.org/cs/aacc/print/htdocs/aacc/home.htm