Overview of the Program
The Title I program is available for students with reading difficulties who attend schools that qualify for this type of federal funding. A school will qualify for the funding based on the economic situation of its attendees. Title I is widely available in the public school system and is offered with the goal of resolving reading problems at a more accelerated pace than would occur through basic classroom instruction.
The vast majority of children who receive these remedial reading services make positive strides in their levels of achievement over the course of the program, which typically takes place during the elementary school years.
When determining which students are entitled to receive services, school administrators examine a number of factors, including class rank, scores on state and national achievement tests, and performance feedback from teachers and parents. A student’s economic situation, such as whether or not he qualifies for free and reduced lunch, is also taken into consideration.
Students who are enrolled in special education programs due to difficulties in reading can also benefit from the additional support that is provided through Title I participation. The frequency and duration of services varies according to the specific areas and to the degree in which students are struggling with reading concepts. It also depends on how many teachers the Title I program can afford at each school and whether there is a push in or pull out program, or a combination of both.
Title I Options for Remedial Reading
Title I teachers who work with remedial reading students can offer either in-class or limited pull-out assistance. Children who would best benefit from the effects of the program through large group instruction remain in the classroom during their reading period while working with the Title I teacher. This remedial reading teacher plans lessons with the regular classroom teacher and is in the classroom to support her students, as well as any student who needs extra help during that lesson. Push-in programs benefit all students since there are two teachers in the classroom to instruct students during reading lessons.
Some students need more intensive help in order to improve their reading comprehension and phonemic awareness skills. In these cases, Title I teachers pull the child from class on a daily or semi-regular basis and offer one-on-one or small group instruction with students who have the same reading level. A number of schools provide additional remedial reading programs over the summer for students who need consistent support.
These reading intervention programs provide opportunities for students with reading difficulties to bring their skills up to grade level. The teachers in the program can also help parents supplement instruction at home by suggesting ways to spend quality time reading with their children and supervising written assignments.
Title I programs often host a few reading nights throughout the school year to also create a home-school connection, and help students have as much reading support as necessary to improve their skills. A school that qualifies for Title I funding has several extra resources to help their students reading below grade level.
2. Author experience as a Title I teacher