Teaching students how to interpret patterns can be made simple and interesting with the use of a SMART Board. This lesson plan is
designed specifically for second grade students.
The approach used in teaching this lesson includes aspects of the Collaborative Learning Method and Inductive Teaching. Through those methods, the students are given plenty of opportunities to explore and discover concepts through interactive activities such as web-based games, videos, a trip outside the classroom, and brainstorming with group mates.
The Lesson Plan
Begin by dividing the class into two teams. Then, distribute four flags (blue, green, yellow, red) to each team. They must raise the correct flag as quickly as they can to show the next color for the pattern presented in the web-based interactive game. The team that gets the most number of points wins the game.
Process the activity by asking the students how they were able to figure out the missing item in the pattern. Ask them what a pattern is, and the knowledge they need to interpret a pattern.
Teach them the concept of interpreting patterns by using letters (ABCABC, AABAAB, and so on). As you introduce the patterns, show clipart using the SMART board so they can understand the concept better.
Fun Activities to Try
Here are several interactive activities that will get the students to move around, solve problems by brainstorming ideas and draw conclusions.
1. Design a Secret Code
With a group of four members, instruct the students to design a secret code. Provide them with the following directions:
- Think of five shapes that will stand for a word (e.g, circle = The; triangle = person)
- Come up with a secret message by using the shapes.
- Using the SMART board writing tools, draw the patterns and code that you made. Let your classmates guess the secret message.
2. Make a Mosaic
This activity is more challenging than the first one, but it gives them an opportunity to express their artistry. First, give them some information on what a mosaic is. Let them work in pairs, and instruct them to make a mosaic by using the computer. They may use clip art or shapes, and by simply arranging them in a pattern, they can form a design. For a more challenging activity, let them create a hidden image in the mosaic. Afterwards, ask them to present their work to the class by using the SMART board.
3. A Little of This…
Show your students how to make number lines. They can skip count in 2s, 5s, or whatever intervals you indicate to give them familiarity with number patterns.
Assessment and Evaluation