Do you know what patriotic holiday is celebrated the third Monday of February? If you answered Presidents’ Day you would not be technically correct but that is what the day is often called. Officially, the holiday is Washington’s Birthday and has been celebrated for over 200 years. It became an official national holiday in 1885 and was changed to the third Monday of February in 1971 to give citizens a long weekend.
Many people choose to show appreciation for all of our presidents on this day. However, Washington and Abraham Lincoln are usually the two mentioned most often.
As part of the social studies curriculum, first graders learn to value and learn from the past and, taking that knowledge, move forward into the future.
- Realize that we are a product of the past and what we value we pass on to the future. (American History)
- Place important events in chronological order on a timeline.
- Copies of the friendly letter format (one for each student) – Download sample here
- Copies of the time line pieces (one for each student) – Download sample here
- Supplies such as scissors, pencils, crayons, glue sticks
- Book: Presidents’ Day by Lynn Hamilton
- Computer and Internet to show a short presentation to the class
- Light colored construction paper, enough for each student. 12" x 18"
Day One: What Does a President Do?
As a short introduction to your one or two-day lesson about this patriotic holiday, use Scholastic’s What Does the President Do? presentation to show the students an overview of the role of the president. Pictures can be enlarged and sound can be turned on to hear the narration. Then ask the following:
- Can you name some important facts about the president?
- Who is our current president?
- What would you like about being president?
- What would you dislike about being president?
Next, use the friendly letterform to write a letter to the president. Encourage especially neat handwriting. Ask the students to include one fact about themselves and one question for the president. Package the letters together and send to this address. The children will be thrilled if the class receives an answer!
The White House
1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20500
Day Two: Learn More About the Presidents
Read the book Presidents’ Day by Lynn Hamilton. Then discuss a few fun facts about some of the more famous presidents.
George Washington: 1st President
- He was a general in the Army.
- He refused to accept his pay for being president.
- His teeth were made of ivory.
Thomas Jefferson: 3rd President
- He had a pet mockingbird.
- He was a great farmer.
- When he was president he sent his friend to explore the west.
Abraham Lincoln: 16th President
- He was a good wrestler.
- He wanted all people to be free.
- At 6’4" he was the tallest president.
John Kennedy: 35th President
- He wanted the United States to be the first country to have a man go to the moon.
- Someone who didn’t like him shot him.
- He was the first Boy Scout to become president.
Barack Obama: 44th President
- He likes to play basketball.
- He is the first African-American president.
- He collects Spider-man comic books.
Make a timeline of the 5 presidents we talked about. Use the timeline worksheet.
- Fold the construction paper in half length-wise. Then draw a horizontal line along the fold.
- Draw five vertical lines through the long horizontal line. Spread them out.
- From left to right glue the numbers in order on the top of the vertical lines.
- Match the number with the correct president and glue it to the bottom of the vertical line. Draw and color a picture of something about each president.
- Scholastic, http://www.scholastic.com/home/
- The White House Historical Association, http://www.whitehousehistory.org/
- Hamilton, Lynn. Presidents’ Day. AV2 byWeigl, 2011.
- “U.S. Presidential Fun Facts,” National Geographic Kids, http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/peopleplaces/georgewashingtonicecream/