## Learning the Numbers – Counting From Zero to Ten

First, let’s look at the numbers in French:

0 – Zéro, 1 – Un, 2 – Deux, 3 – Trois, 4 – Quatre, 5 – Cinq, 6 – Six, 7 – Sept, 8 – Huit, 9 – Neuf, 10 – Dix

**Practicing the Numbers From One to Ten **

Singing *Ten Green Bottles *(a children’s counting song) in French is an excellent way to familiarize students with the numbers from one to ten.

## Learning the Numbers – Counting From Eleven to Twenty

11 – Onze, 12 – Douze, 13 – Treize, 14 – Quatorze, 15 – Quinze, 16 – Seize, 17 – Dix-sept, 18 – Dix-huit, 19 – Dix-neuf, 20 – Vingt

Note how the format of the numbers changes when you get to seventeen (dix-sept). The numbers from zero to sixteen each have a specific word, but seventeen becomes *dix-sept*, or *ten-seven.* The numbers now continue to take this format, making them easier to learn.

**Practicing the Numbers Between Eleven and Twenty**

First, divide students into two groups. Now give each student in the first group a job, such as baker, butcher, post office worker, etc. The other members of the group can now go to each "shop" in turn, buying a different quantity of a different item.

For example:

Student 1 (going to each "shop" in turn):

(At the baker’s) *Je voudrais douze croissants, s’il-vous-pla**ît.*

(At the grocer’s) *Quinze oeufs, s’il-vous-pla**ît*.

(At the post office) *Je voudrais dix-sept timbres, s’il-vous-pla**ît.*

When every student has finished their shopping, the two groups change places.

## Learning the Numbers – Counting From Twenty Upwards

21 – vingt-et-un (literally one and twenty), 22 – vingt-deux (two and twenty), 23 – vingt-trois (three and twenty), and so on until you reach thirty.

30 – Thirty

40 – Quarante

50 – Cinquante

60 – Soixante

70 – Soixante-dix (literally sixty-ten)

80 – Quatre-vingt (four twenties)

90 – quatre-vingt-dix (four twenties and ten)

100 – Cent

Once 100 is reached, the sequence starts again. For example:

101 – cent un, 102 – cent deux, etc.

200 – deux cents

300 – trois cents, etc.

1,000 – mille

**Practicing the Numbers From Twenty Upwards**

Divide students into groups of two. One student is given a recipe to read aloud to the other, who must write it down. The students should then swap places and use a different recipe. Compare the notes against the original to make sure that all the numbers have been taken down correctly.

**Example Recipe 1**

*Tarte Tatin*

Pour la pâte

- 320 g de farine 225 g de beurre 110 g de sucre en poudre 3 jaunes d’oeuf

Pour la tarte

- 6 pommes Golden 115 g de sucre en poudre 115 g de beurre

Faire cuire à 250C.

**Example Recipe 2**

**Brioche**

Pour commencer la pâte:

- 115 ml de lait 65 g de farine 25 g de levure

Pour continuer:

- 5 oeufs 450 g de farine 450 g de beurre 60 g de sucre 12 g de sel

Faire cuire à 220C

## Math Vocabulary

When the students are happy with the numbers, start to introduce additional math vocabulary.

- To divide – diviser
- To add – additioner
- To subtract – soustraire
- To multiply – multiplier
- Percentage – pourcentage (m)
- To total – totaliser
- Sum – total (m) or somme (f)
- Plus – plus
- Minus – moins
- To equal – égaler

**Practicing the Math Vocabulary**

Ask students to make up their own sums, and read them out to the rest of the group. The other students should give the (hopefully correct) answer!

Example: 30 divisé par 10 plus 101 moins 14 égale? 90.

Teaching math vocabulary words to bilingual French-English students and practicing it using the activities will help improve your students' listening and language skills in an interesting, accessible way.

## Further Reading

Learn How To Count With French Numbers

Teaching French To Preschoolers

## References

- Baguette Image Courtesy of: Wikimedia.com / GNU Free Documentation License / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License / by: Julie Kertesz
- Green Bottles Image Courtesy of: Wikimedia.com / GNU Free Documentation License / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License / by: Lobo
- Ten Green Bottles; http://www.mamalisa.com/?t=fs&p=1762&c=8
- Tarte Tatin Image Courtesy of: Wikimedia.com / GNU Free Documentation License / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License / by: Wmeinhart
- French Map Image Courtesy of: Wikimedia.com / GNU Free Documentation License / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License / by: CommonMarcelus
- Brioche Image Courtesy of: Wikimedia.com / GNU Free Documentation License / Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License / by: Sebastian Fischer