Card Game to Reinforce Equivalent Fractions for Elementary Students

Needed Materials

Index cards with one fraction written on each card. Each students will need 6 cards.


  • Prepare the students by introducing equivalent fractions.
  • Create the cards by writing equivalent fractions on the index cards. Write one fraction on each index card in the form of numerator/ denominator.
  • Make sure that each card has an equivalent matching card to make a pair. There can be more than 2 cards that match, but be sure that you have an even number to make pairs.

Student Instructions

  • Each student will receive 6 cards at his/her desk.
  • Each student should check his/her cards for "equivalent pairs."
  • If a student has 3 cards that are equivalent to each other, (s)he must choose two to make a pair.
  • If a student has 4 fractions that are equivalent, (s)he must make two pairs.
  • At a prompt from the teacher, the students will get up from their seats and begin searching for pairs by trading cards. Set a specific time for each trading session in which students offer one or more cards to trade with another student.
  • The trading must be done on an equal basis (i.e. two cards must be traded for two cards).
  • When a student has 3 pairs of equivalent fractions, (s)he sits down, and the teacher checks the cards.
  • If a seated student is correct, (s)he is done. If (s)he is not correct the student is instructed to continue the game.
  • After a specific amount of time indicated by the teacher, those students who do not have 3 pairs will turn in the cards that do not match, and the entire class will figure out the remaining matches.
  • All cards are then turned in, and the game can be played again.


The teacher will assess each student by checking the pairs of equivalent fractions that (s)he has created.


  • Cards can be made to compare equivalent decimal numbers, as well as fractions and their equivalent decimal numbers.
  • Use musical notes (whole, half, quarter, eighth, and sixteenth notes) to explain fractions.
  • Ancient History- The ancient Eqyptians invented fractions.