When walking into a classroom, first impressions can set the tone of what is being taught and how. Themes for the classrooms have long been used by elementary teachers as a way to capture a student's attention, reinforce teaching, scaffold learning from one area to another and create a cheerful environment for study. However, they are also an invaluable tool for upper grades.
Strategies for teaching in middle and high school can easily include creative and engaging themes. Decorating for your theme can be taken up a notch from the hand-lettered, felt and Velcro displays found in elementary school. For instance, National Geographic has maps connected to about any subject thought of, not to mention various posters that can be laminated for hanging in the classroom.
Educators who lack the ability to create themes that can remain intact for extended periods might consider advanced technology. Most classrooms have a white board, which works well as a screen for overhead projection. Graphics on the theme from the unit being taught might be projected during class onto the white board. Once class is over, the overhead projector can be turned off and the next class is ready to use the room.
The Teaching Wall
Most elementary classrooms have theme plans that include a calendar, the weather, jobs for the day/week, the alphabet, and/or vocabulary words or phrases. One caution: classroom teachers should remember that sensory overload (too many colors, too many things crowded into a small area, too many tasks for students to observe, will take away from the effectiveness of the teaching wall. Less is always more in this instance. Therefore, depending on the size of the wall space, it is best to pick two or three things that can be clearly displayed without overlapping or crowding.
Middle and high school classrooms often have multiple uses—home room, math class, writing class, etc.—all held in the same exact space. If classrooms are assigned to one teacher or to one subject, then creating themes that will aid students in their studies and spark an interest in the subject is a simple matter of finding a space that will serve the purpose.
Teachers who share rooms with other teachers across subject matter will need to be a bit more creative. Laminated maps or posters that can come and go with the teacher, overhead projections, even Power Point presentations projected onto the wall at the beginning and end of class can leave a lasting impression on students.
Elementary themes or topics can be created on a general basis. Middle and High school themes or topics can focus in on more specifics.
Themes and Topics
Some ideas for classroom themes that can be used in teaching include:
General Elementary Themes
- Holidays – There seems to be a holiday of some sort every month.
- World History
- American History
- Art work
- Cultures of the World
- Current Events
- Language Arts – Vocabulary and grammar terms
Fun Themes for Preschool/Elementary School
- Teddy Bears
- The Beach
Middle and High School Themes
- In Science – Water cycle, trees of your area of the world, human body, Solar system,
- In History – Time lines, rulers of a country being studied (British rulers, US Presidents, Chinese Emperors)
- In Literature – Authors and their works, literary terms, list of poetry forms, list of genres
- In Art – Works of art by artist, list of periods in art, color wheel, list of art mediums
- In Music – Composers of various periods, lists of top ten musical piece of a period, musical terms
- In Health – Famous people in health field, cycle of how germs spread, list of exercises
- In Mathematics – Math terms, mathematicians and their contributions, list of other subjects that use math
- In Foreign Language – Famous people from the country(ies) where the language is spoken, facts on the country's culture
Teaching walls, which are used as tools for teaching, may need more materials to put together than other walls. However, the basic list of materials needed might include:
- Large bulletin board paper
- Double-sided tape
- Laminating material
Remember to keep the walls or door displays simple, yet informative. While creative teaching themes are a great way to engage students, too much information or too much color may overwhelm young learners. However, teaching walls are a sure and reliable way of scaffolding knowledge and sparking the interest of students in topics that might not be as captivating if taught only by textbook.
- Image: Classroom by Bahar under CC BY SA 3.0