written by: Khaye Mydette Sy Cardenas Macalinao
• edited by: Donna Cosmato
• updated: 1/5/2012
Getting ready for the SAT? Learning vocabulary is extremely important for raising your score! Nail down your success on the test. Study these essential vocabulary words that are likely to be asked, and you'll reach your targeted score, guaranteed.
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The Value of Vocabulary Building
For students to perform well in college, they must have a good command of the English language. Studies prove that “English vocabulary level has shown to be strongly related to educational success" (R. Bowker, English Vocabulary Manual (1981). Students with a strong vocabulary are able to express their ideas fluently and do research and book reports easily. Because of this, vocabulary skills are at a premium when taking tests like the SAT.
The key to ensure your good overall score on the SAT is to grow your vocabulary. Here is a list of some 9th grade SAT prep words that are most likely to appear on the exam. Master the right words, the right way, in just three days!
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Day 1: Study How the Words are Used in Sentences
Learning SAT vocabulary in context is the best way to learn the words, and this is what you are going to practice in day one. Build your vocabulary by understanding how words are used in sentences. Use the context clues in and around the sentences to guess or estimate the meaning of the words.
Peril - danger
The tourist guide was abandoned by the tourists when he described the peril that lay ahead of them. They certainly wouldn't want to risk their lives.
Our home library is filled with stories of perilous adventures.
Sinister - evil; wicked; dishonest; frightening
I was frightened by the sinister-looking man across the street.
The sinister plan to cheat was discovered by the teacher.
Denounce- condemn in public; express strong disapproval.
The father denounced his son for lying.
People denounce the government’s wrong-doing.
Prejudice - an opinion formed without taking time and care. To judge fairly; to harm or injure
Elimination of prejudice should be among the problems that must be resolved by democratic countries.
The witness’ weird behavior prejudiced Mark.
Mundane - concerned with the ordinary
The president has no time for mundane matters.
I hate reading biographies, which talk about mundane events.
Nostalgia - yearning for the past
A feeling of nostalgia went over me when I saw my favorite childhood toy.
Giving in to nostalgia, Marie cried for the days of her childhood.
Parsimonious all his life, Alex gave the money he won in the lottery to the church.
Thwart - to hinder, block
If you thwart the cruel president of the club, your life will be at risk.
The inmates who wanted to escape were thwarted by the security guard
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Day 2: Review the Parts of Speech
A part of speech explains how a word is used. This makes it necessary for you to understand how a word is used in a given sentence to be able to decipher its exact meaning. On your second day, look at the following sample questions, and try to solve them. Then, review the different parts of speech on your own.
1. Which of the following is an adjective that means counterfeit or fake?
2. What is the correct meaning of the verb transpire in this sentence?: "It later transpired that faulty wiring had been responsible for the fire that killed 100 people."
a. became known
b. kept as a secret
3. Which noun means the condition of increased body weight caused by excessive accumulation of fat?
4. What is the correct meaning of the verb promenade?
a. to go on a leisurely walk
b. to skip, hop and jump
c. to dance
d. to run
Answer key: The letter a is the correct answer for each.
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Day 3: Make Your Own Sentences
This is the last day of your three-day vocabulary enrichment. Stay relaxed; you need not memorize all the words listed below. A great strategy to learn these new words is to use them in your own sentences upon understanding their meaning. Feel the words. Allow them to talk to you, and try to internalize them. With this strategy, you will be able to remember the correct meaning of words, and you will be able to recognize them in whatever type of questions they may be asked. Get started with these:
acumen n. - accuracy, and keenness of judgment
anachronistic n- out of the context of time, out of chronological order
abhorrent adj.- disgusting, wrecked, sickening
asylum n.- shelter, a place of care
brazen adj.- loud, resonant sound
cognizance n. – observance, notice
clairvoyant adj.- having the power to see objects that cannot be perceived by the senses
conformist n- someone who follows the customs, rules, or styles of the majority
deduce- to conclude by reasoning
demagogue n.- leader in ancient times
evanescent adj.- vanishing
extenuating adj.- excusing, something that makes the situation better
fortitude n.- Strength of mind that brings courage
hedonist n.- devotion to pleasure
jabberer n.- a person who talks fast
pantomime n.- communication by gestures and facial expressions
parched v. to dry
placid- calm; peaceful
precocious adj.- early development, gifted or talented beyond one's years
progenitor n. - originator, forefather, ancestor in a direct line
querulous adj.- given to complaining
reverence n.- an act showing respect
subtle adj. - hard to understand
Talisman- good luck charm
tempest n.- furious agitation, commotion
vindicate tr. v. - to clear of accusation or suspicion
wary adj.- on guard, watchful
vestige n.- trace left behind
zeitgeist n.- characteristic of a period or generation
Make a commitment to learn all the words listed. After two weeks, review the 9th grade SAT prep words you've learned, and test yourself. Always remember that learning vocabulary is never a waste of time. In fact, it is the only way to raise your score on the SAT. Every word learned makes you a more intellectual person.