Common Eye Conditions
Amblyopia is also known as lazy eye. Children with a lazy eye may or may not be perceptible. Sometimes a lazy eye visibly turns in or out, but sometimes there is no outward sign. Amblyopia causes the eye to have reduced acuity due to the poor positioning of the eye and weak muscles. The treatment is commonly a patch over the normal eye that makes the lazy eye work harder. Surgical corrections are also common.
This is a degenerative condition that is inherited. Retinitis pigmentosa results in a loss of peripheral vision, and eventually the student is left with a severe visual impairment.
Retinopathy of Prematurity:
This condition is common in children who were premature babies that required high concentrations of oxygen at birth. Scarring and detachment of the retina can result from this condition.
In this condition, both eyes are unable to gaze at an object at the same time. Strabismus is caused by a muscle imbalance.
Cortical Visual Impairment:
Cortical visual impairment is not a problem with the eye itself, but with the visual cortex area of the brain. These children may also have other developmental delays or cerebral palsy. Vision may change throughout the day, depending on the health, mood of the child, or his environment.