When a legal dispute has been settled, one may say that the question of the case has fallen, i.e. the dispute is no longer in question. This phrase is often used when a settlement has been reached or when one or both parties have chosen to no longer pursue the dispute (the question). The abbreviation CQ is also used by fact checkers who have verified something and indicate this abbreviation in the text to show that the fact is no longer in question. The abbreviated CQ refers to the Latin phrase Cadit Quaestio.
The word cadit is a form of the word cado (cadere, cecidi, casum), which means to fall. Cadit is the third person singular present active indicative form of the word and, absent a subject, may be translated as he/she/it is falling, falls, or does fall. As a third conjugation verb, cadit is formed by taking the second principal part cadere, dropping the –re ending, and adding the personal ending, in this case –t. Notice that as with most third conjugation verbs, the –e– changes to an –i– in the present tense. Hence cadit is appropriate, not cadet. Cadet is the future form of the word.
Quaestio is the noun form of the verb quaero (quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum) which literally means to ask, seek, or question. Recall that many Latin verbs can be turned into nouns by taking the fourth principle part, the past participle, and adding –io to the end. Then, the noun declines as any third declension noun with respect to the newly-formed noun’s gender. In this case, the feminine noun quaestio is declined as:
- quaestio (singular), quaestiones (plural)
- quaestionis (singular), quaestionum (plural)
- quaestioni (singular), quaestionibus (plural)
- quaestionem (singular), quaestiones (plural)
- quaestione (singular), quaestionibus (plural)
As a nominative singular noun, quaestio is serving as the phrase’s subject. Taken together, the phrase cadit quaestio can be literally translated as “the question is falling," “the question falls," or “the question does fall." For simplicity’s sake, “the question falls" is likely the best choice.