Proofreading and Editing Explained
Students don't understand what proofreading and editing is. They falsely believe editing involves correcting misspelled words and poor punctuation. That's called proofreading. Editing involves, eliminating words, restructuring sentences, rearranging material, and clarifying ideas. Once an essay is edited and proofread, it is ready for revision.
English teachers have done a fine job explaining proofreading symbols. These techniques will teach students how to edit an essay for economy.
1. Eliminate unnecessary prepositional phrases:
Example: Sharks of a predatory nature
Edited: Predatory sharks
2. Eliminate redundant modifiers:
Example: impoverished homeless
3. Eliminate adjectives that describe the obvious:
Example: meaningful memories, loud screams
Edited: memories, screams
4. Get rid of the unnecessary that, which, or who:
Example: I know that retirement is important.
Edited: I know retirement is important.
5. Cross out the unnecessary articles:
Example: Be sure to tell the students not to chew gum.
Edited: Be sure to tell students not to chew gum.