The Nutcracker Lesson Plan for Pre-K and Kindergarten Classes

The Nutcracker Lesson Plan for Pre-K and Kindergarten Classes
Page content

The night of Christmas Eve, a nutcracker doll comes alive to battle and defeat the King of the Mice with Clara’s help. The Nutcracker Prince then whisks Clara on a journey through the “Land of Snow” and into the “Kingdom of Sweets” where the pair meet many characters, including the Sugar Plum Fairy. Not only is this a fabulous ballet for your child to view, but also it introduces them to classical music composed by Tchaikovsky. A new book, The Nutcracker illustrated by Niroot Puttapipat was launched September 27, 2016 by Candlewick Press.

What is a Ballet?

A ballet tells a story using only dance, music and mime. As the children watch the ballet, live or video, pay attention to the musical changes. Listen for marches, battles, magic, Arabian, Chinese and Russian music, waltz of the flowers, clowns, flutes, and the famous dance of the Sugarplum Fairy. As you play the musical score by Tchaikovsky, invite the children to wave scarves to the tempos or make dancing wands, since movement is part of a child’s development. To make a simple wand, attach lengths of colorful ribbons to a cardboard paper-towel tube with a stapler. Encourage them to decorate the tube with holiday art and/or stickers.

Another fun enhancement is to have your group draw their version of the “Land of Sweets” on construction paper. Make the artwork come alive by taping several pieces of wrapped candy to the drawing. This picture can be taken home with instructions to allow the children to remove a piece of candy each day and eaten as an after-meal treat.

Nuts about the Nutcracker Discussion and Trivia

During Circle Time, tickle a child’s sense of sight and touch by allowing him/her to handle any Nutcrackers dolls you might own. Compare the designs, colors, facial features and uniforms.

After viewing The Nutcracker, throw out a few of these trivia questions to see if your students have caught the details in the story:

  • The story begins on what day? (Christmas Eve)
  • What are the three toys that dance at the party during the first act? (The Harlequin, Columbine, and Toy Soldier)
  • What are the names of the candies that dance in the “Land of Sweets”? (Chocolates, Coffee, Tea Sweets, Candy Canes, Marzipan, and Dew Drops)
  • Who rules over the “Land of Sweets”? (The Sugarplum Fairy)
  • Clara and the Nutcracker Prince conclude the ballet and depart in a boat shaped like what? (A Walnut)

Popsicle (Craft) Stick Nutcrackers

You will need:

  • Wooden sticks (tongue depressor size)
  • Markers
  • Black felt
  • Gold cording
  • Heavy-duty glue or low-temperature glue gun
  • Glitter pens


  1. Invite the students to draw a nutcracker figure along with facial features onto the wooden stick.
  2. Color the clothing with markers.
  3. Cut a square of black felt and glue this to the top of the nutcracker as his hat.
  4. Glue a small loop of gold cording to the top back to use as a hanger. These stick nutcrackers can be hung on holiday trees or around the room.
  5. Use glitter pens to enhance the outfits.

Paper Plate Ballerina

You will need:

  • Dinner and dessert-size paper plates (paper, not plastic)
  • Safety scissors
  • Heavy-duty glue or low-temperature glue gun
  • 3 large pipe cleaners per doll
  • Tempera paint and sponge
  • Markers and/or materials for facial features


  1. Cut a dinner-size paper plate in half, along with a dessert-size plate.
  2. Arrange the two larger plates one on top of the other (vary the lengths) and glue in place. Take one-half of the smaller plate and glue this on top of the previous plates. This will form the ballerina’s tutu.
  3. Take a piece of the remaining small plate and cut out a torso to the dress. Glue this in place. Leave the dress aside to dry.
  4. With paint and a sponge, print a design onto the dress. Later use glitter pens to sparkle the ballerina’s dress. Set this aside to dry thoroughly.
  5. Take two pipe cleaners and twist them to form a body and two legs. Attach the third pipe cleaner to the middle of the torso, twist and make arms.
  6. Glue the dress onto the pipe cleaner body.
  7. Cut a round circle from paper scraps. Draw on facial features or use materials such as googly eyes and yarn or raffia for hair. Attach the head to the top of the pipe cleaner body.

Cooking Activities Themed Around the Nutcracker

If you have a kitchen or cooking facilities, engage in some creative cooking with these two snack recipes that enhance the Nutcracker story.

Nutcracker Medley

Mix together about four cups of popped corn, pretzel sticks, mixed nuts, golden raisins and peppermint candy pieces. Serve in plastic holiday bags or festive paper cups.


Grind 2 cups pitted prunes in a food processor or blender. Add one teaspoon orange rind and one tablespoon orange juice. Form into walnut-sized balls. Roll balls into flaked coconut. (If the mixture is too dry, add a little more juice.)


  • Photos by Tania Cowling, all rights reserved
  • Paper Plate Ballerina, adapted from the book_, Look What You Can Make with Paper Plates_, Boyds Mills Press, 1997, Skater on page 10.
  • Personal experience in the classroom
  • Popsicle Stick Nutcrackers, adapted from