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Components of a Preschool Classroom

written by: Bonnie • edited by: Sarah Malburg • updated: 1/20/2012

Learn what every preschool classroom needs to fulfil the academic and social needs of 3-5 year olds.

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    No two preschool classrooms look the same. However, there are several basic components most rooms will need. Here are some ideas of what to have in your preschool classroom.

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    Whole Group Area

    The whole group area is a meeting place for the entire class. It is typically on a carpeted section on the floor. This is where the teacher runs morning meetings, calendar and weather, reads stories, and plays class games.

    Be sure to have a music player nearby for singing and dancing fun as well!

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    Tables

    Kid-sized tables should be set up with enough room for each child. This is where the students can do whole-class art projects, language arts, math, snack, and other activities.

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    Small Group Activity Area

    This is where the teacher can work with a small group of students on a lesson. The other students are doing different centers that do not need direct support from the teacher. The teacher must run the small group activity while supervising the entire class unless a co-teacher, aide, or parent-helper is present.

    Small group activities are usually led at a table in the back of the room or away from major distractions.

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    Stations

    Some of these stations can just be a table or shelves where items are stored for the following subjects. Students know where the items are and are expected to help keep the stations organized. They can take items from the station back to tables or free space to do language arts, math, or art work. Here are what some of your stations could include:

    Language Arts- pencils, paper, erasers, magnetic letters, and any age appropriate phonics or letter sounds games.

    Math- manipulatives to count, sort, and stack; puzzles, magnetic numbers, and math games

    Art- wide variety of paper, scissors, glue, crayons, markers, craft items

    The following stations may take up a little more space than a small table or shelf:

    Science- This station can have many different things depending on what the class is focusing on at the time. Here are a few suggestions: a collection of nature items the class found, sand/water exploration table, aquarium/terrarium, magnifying glasses, ant farms(ant, butterflies, etc.).

    Dramatic Play- This is an area of the room designated for make-believe play. Preschool age children learn a lot through playing and having dress-up clothes, kitchen sets, dolls, puppets or any dramatic play items can help the students explore and gain valuable social and communication skills.

    Computers- If the school provides computers for the class be sure they are not placed in direct sunlight through the windows as this can be damaging.

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    Library

    Every classroom absolutely needs a library. Many teachers place the bookshelves to form a cozy room that is separate from the rest of the room. Place carpet, pillows, and maybe a small rocking chair in the area for independent reading. Devise some sort of organizational system with your books so students know where to find the books that are on their level or genre of interest.

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    Teacher Area

    The classroom teacher should have space (probably a desk) for lesson plans, student assessments, first aid items, and important contact information. The teacher deserves a little personal space in the room for his or her belongings. Classroom assistants should have a place to put their things as well.

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    These ideas will help you create a productive preschool environment. There are many more components to consider based on the needs and interests of you and your students.

    Now it is time to pull the look together and decorate the room. The rest of this series will give theme-based ideas for decorating a preschool classroom.

    For more information on classroom organization and setup, click here.

Preschool Classroom Set-up Guide

This series is a guide on setting up a preschool classroom that is enjoyable for both teacher and students and promotes a positive learning environment. It begins with practical tips and guidelines on what to consider and include in the room and then offers several theme-based decorating ideas.
  1. Classroom Setup Guide for Preschool Teachers
  2. Components of a Preschool Classroom
  3. Changing of the Seasons Preschool Classroom Theme
  4. A Preschool Ocean Theme for the Classroom: Look What the Tide Brought In!
  5. What's the Buzz?-A Preschool Insect Theme for the Classroom