Here are a few examples of effective teaching strategies for phonics instruction.
Provide children with words to sort based on whatever phonics skills you are studying. Word sorting encourages children to pay attention to the different features of words and find relationships between the letters and sounds. Students can sort words by beginning sounds, final sounds, rimes, endings and more.
In Making Words activities children are given a set of about 7 or 8 letters and asked to arrange them to make words that the teacher calls out, usually starting with two letter words and progressing to bigger words until they form a "mystery word" with all of the letters. A beginning Making Words lesson might look like this:
a, d, n, r, s, t
sat, rat, ran, tan, Dan, and
rats, tans, sand
Phonics games are another fun way to reinforce phonics skills. Adapt Bingo, Go Fish and Memory Matching games to your phonics lessons to help children practice and review phonics concepts. They can work on letter recognition, beginning sounds, word families and more with these games.
These are just a few of the ways you can help young children develop strong skills in phonics and phonemic awareness. This crucial information should help you to effectively plan your instruction. If you have any additional teaching ideas, please leave them in the comments.