Teaching reading comprehension can be very difficult. It is hard to train students to monitor what they are doing while reading. With the NCLB Act and many states and districts struggling to make AYP (annual yearly progress), it becomes vital for schools to teach reading comprehension skills. Reciprocal teaching is one highly successful technique.
Reciprocal teaching encompasses four skills: clarifying, summarizing, questioning, and predicting.
Clarification is a skill that addresses confusing parts of a text and attempts to answer questions.
Summarizing requires students to highlight key ideas or concepts in a section of reading.
Questioning requires students to ask his/her peers questions about unclear parts, puzzling information, connections to other concepts already learned, character motivation, etc.
Predicting requires guesses about what the author will teach the group next or what the next events in a story will be.