When looking at a class' diverse learning styles, a teacher may start with Howard Gardner's eight intelligences: verbal, mathematical/logical, bodily/kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, spatial, musical and naturalistic. This is an excellent summary and starting point, as other learning styles can branch from these eight.
Students may tell their teachers how they learn best. For instance, in a literature course, some students may like to hear the teacher read (verbal), others may read alone (intrapersonal) and some may want to read aloud to themselves (musical). Take their explanations seriously and work to incorporate them into activities.
Some students, perhaps younger ones, may not verbalize their preferences. Look at other ways to gauge their learning styles. If students have a summary to write, allow students to choose how to communicate. Some may make a time-line (mathematical/logical), others may want to act out the story (bodily/kinesthetic) and others want to draw (spatial).
Provide students with possibilities and see what they enjoy creating. This will provide an inkling into their learning styles. The goal with learning styles and students and strategies is to have students learn the same material, just in different ways.