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What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a developmental disorder that does not allow the sufferer to attain language skills of reading, spelling, and writing. This disorder is one of the most common learning disabilities that is found in children today. Of course, the severity of the disorder varies from case to case. The disorder can effect people of all ages. However, the sooner the treatment, the more favorable the outcome will be. Unfortunately, this disorder can go undetected in early years of schooling. The side effects of this disorder can make the child go into frustration, depression, or a low self-esteem mode.
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What is Dysphoneidetic Dyslexia?
There are many types of dyslexia. One such type is known as dysphoneidetic dyslexia. This type of dyslexia is further discussed below.
Dysphoneidetic dyslexia is also known as auditory dyslexia as it related to how people hear sounds and mentally process them. This type of dyslexia refers to people who find it difficult to connect sounds and symbols. It becomes difficult for them to break words into individual sound parts. It is often associated with sequential difficulties in auditory processing. Individuals suffering from this disability find it difficult to sequence two individual words together. Sufferers of dysphoneidetic dyslexia find it difficult:
- To sequence sounds into words
- To remember individual sounds or sequence of sounds
- To process fast auditory inputs
- Apply phonetic rules
- To follow phonetic patterns
- To identify strange spellings.
The symptoms of this disability are common to many other disabilities. The symptoms include poor reading, reading aloud, poor attention span, poor pronunciation, easy distraction, tiredness, and bad spelling.
Students facing this developmental disability require individual and customized therapy that includes phonological processing therapy, cognitive processing therapy, and direct multi-sensory instructions. These sessions are carried over weeks by a professional and trained therapist. The trained therapist holds meetings with the sufferer’s parents and explains what was taught during the session. Apart from the therapy, a home therapy is often prescribed by the therapist. This home therapy must be followed for best results along with clinical therapy.
People suffering from this type of dyslexia need special accommodation in classrooms. These accommodations include audio tapes or Cd's of textbooks, highlighters to indicate important information, chapter summaries, peer reading groups, colored transparency, vocabulary review, preview questions, alternatives to written assignments and exams, oral exams, individual and extra time with teachers, a note taker, reduced written work, unlimited time to complete tests, typed material, isolated testing, and limited homework.
To be sure, if your child is facing this, get a dyslexia test done. The series of tests determine the patient’s functional reading level and compares it to the average with the help of an evaluation test. Some tests also help assess the amount of information that can be processed by the child.