The impact of APD varies based on the extent to which a child is impacted by the disorder. However, there are common difficulties each of which can have a negative impact on a child's academic performance.
Phonological Awareness – the ability to recognize and identify the individual sounds in a word. This skill is essential for reading, and weakness in this area can result in difficulties with reading, comprehension, and spelling for children with APD.
Auditory Discrimination – the ability to distinguish the difference in similar sounding words (i.e. being able to hear the difference between “ask" and “act")
Auditory Memory – the ability to hold in memory and later retrieve information that was verbally presented. This can result in a child struggling to follow multi-step instructions.
Auditory Sequencing – The ability to sequentially recall the order of items that were conveyed verbally. An example is confusing the sounds or order of syllables in a word such as saying or writing “am-i-nal" instead of “an-i-mal".
Auditory Blending – the process of blending individual sounds to make a word.The phonemes /sh/ /r/ /i/ /m/ /p/ are blended to make the word “shrimp". Problems with auditory blending can make it difficult to accurately spell words phonetically.