How Can Skills be Improved?
Necessary skills are built by providing instruction in focusing on and manipulating phonemes in syllables of spoken words. Educators can utilize a variety of exercises to accomplish this.
Phoneme Isolation - Identify an isolated phoneme in a word.
Question: What’s the last sound in bag? Answer: /g/
Phoneme Segmentation - Break a word into separate sounds.
Question: How man sounds are in ship? Answer: /sh/ /i/ /p/. There are 3 sounds in ship
Phoneme Blending - Listen to isolated phonemes and then blend into a word.
Question: What word has the sounds /f/ /l/ /a/ /g/ Answer: flag
Phoneme Deletion - Identify the change in a word when one phoneme is deleted.
Question: What is spot without the /s/ sound Answer: pot
Phoneme Substitution – Substitute one phoneme for another to make a new word.
Question: The word is big. Change the /i/ to /a/. Answer: bag