Visual Processing Disorder
People with visual processing disorder have difficulty processing visual information. The eyes see correctly, but the brain does not interpret the information properly. People with visual processing disorder may have difficulty recognizing letters, numbers, shapes, symbols and pictures; they may have difficulty judging distances and sizes and confuse left from right.
The cause of visual processing disorder is unknown, but it is likely neurologically based. While it can occur alone, it commonly co-exists with sensory processing disorder, language processing disorders, dyslexia, autism and ADHD.
There is no cure for visual processing disorder, but treatment may help the person to function better. Treatment for visual processing disorder consists of occupational therapy. During occupational therapy, the therapist uses various games to help the person learn to accommodate for visual difficulties. In the classroom, teachers can help students with visual processing disorder by incorporating plenty of verbal instruction, allowing the student to tape record class instruction instead of taking written notes, breaking written and art assignments into small steps, allowing the student to use a ruler as a reading and writing guide, and by doing visual activities such as putting together simple puzzles and shape matching games.