Many adaptations or alternatives exist in assistive technology for disabled students who have typing challenges. Keyguards, for example, are hard plastic covers with holes for each key. Using a keyguard, children with unsteady fingers can avoid striking unwanted keys. Keyguards increase accuracy, maintain correct placement of hand, and help avoid accidental pressing of keys. They must match the specific keyboard layout and often attach to the keyboard with Velcro.
Alternative keyboards meet specific needs of individual children. An adjustable keyboard has three sections that can be positioned close together or further apart, rotated, and tilted to many angles. A miniature keyboard has keys spaced close together to allow children with limited range of motion access all keys. Programmable keyboards, additionally, can be programmed so that letters, numbers, words, or phrases can be entered by pressing custom keys.
For students with more severe disabilities, a pointing or typing aid can be used to press keys on the keyboard. Usually a wand or a stick, the pointer or typing aid can be worn on the head, strapped to the chin, or held in the mouth or hand. This aid allows use of a standard or alternative keyboard and can be used with a keyguard. Other wands or sticks are designed for use with a splint on the hand or arm.