Possible Educational Difficulties
Overall, students with Tourette syndrome have intelligence scores in the normal range, but some students may have a learning disability that can affect their academic performance, notes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Examples of difficulties students with TS may display are trouble processing information, writing, paying attention and staying organized. Sensory problems may be present, which can affect movement, touch, taste and smell.
In addition to learning difficulties that can occur with Tourette syndrome, children with the disorder are at risk for other disorders that may affect school performance. For example, students may also have anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), CD, developmental delay or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that among children with Tourette syndrome, 64 percent have ADHD, 28 percent have a developmental delay, 43 percent have a behavioral problem, 36 percent have depression, and 40 percent have a type of anxiety disorder. If a student also has ADHD, she may have trouble staying still during class, while a student with a co-morbid behavioral disorder may lose her temper often.