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Teaching Spanish Vocabulary: Medical Professions

written by: Curt Smothers • edited by: Rebecca Scudder • updated: 7/12/2012

Spanish students can enrich their vocabulary by periodic focus on specialized terms. This is part 2 in a series on Spanish medical vocabulary. This article provides another specialized list of medical professions along with suggested classroom activities.

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    List 1 - Medical Occupations

    • anesthesiologist - el anestesista
    • cardiologist - el/la cardiología
    • chiropractor - medico quiropráctico
    • coroner - el médico forense
    • dermatologist - el dermatólogo, la dermatología
    • doctor - el doctor/la doctora
    • gynecologist - el/la ginecoliá
    • neurologist - el neurólogo
    • nurse - la enfermera, el enfermero
    • obstetrician - el/la obstétrico
    • oncologist - el/la oncologista
    • ophthalmologist - el oftalmólogo
    • optometrist - el/la optometrista
    • orthopedist - el/la ortopedista
    • paramedic- el auxiliar médico
    • pathologist - el patólogo
    • pediatrician - el/la pediatra
    • phlebotomist - el/la flebotomista
    • physician - el médico
    • podiatrist - el/la podiatrista
    • proctologist - el proctólogo
    • radiologist - el radiólogo
    • stretcher bearer - el camillero
    • surgeon - el cirujano
    • surgical nurse - la enfermera del instrumental
    • urologist - el/la urologista

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    List 2 - Conditions/Diseases They Treat

    • backache - el dolor de espalda
    • broken bone - el hueso roto
    • cancer - el cáncer
    • cataract - la catarata
    • cesarean birth - el nacimiento por cesárea
    • disaster (as a result of an accident) - el siniestro
    • epilepsy - la epilepsia
    • foot injury - la herida del pie
    • give birth - dar la luz
    • heart attack - el ataque al carazón
    • ingrown nail - el uñero
    • hemorrhoids - las almorranas
    • medical emergency - la urgencia
    • pimple - el grano
    • phlebitis - la flebitis
    • pregnant - embarazada
    • tumor - el tumor
    • urinary infection - la infección urinaria
    • whooping cough - el coqueluche
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    List 3 - Where They Work and What They Do/Use

    • ambulance - la ambulancia
    • anesthetic - el anestésico
    • antibiotics - los antibióticos
    • appointment - una cita
    • autopsy - la autopsia
    • blood test - un análisis de sangre
    • blood type - el grupo sanguíneo
    • blood-pressure - la presión sanguínea
    • cast - el enyesado, la escayola
    • chemotherapy - la quimioterapia
    • diagnosis - el diagnóstico
    • E.R. - sala de emergencia
    • examination - el reconocimiento médico
    • first aid - primeros auxilios
    • hospital ward- la sala
    • medication - las medecinas
    • microscope - el microscopio
    • needle - la aguja hipodérmica
    • operation - la operación
    • pain killer - el analgésico
    • physical examination - el examen médico
    • prescription - la prescripción
    • scalpel - el bisturí
    • splint - la tablilla
    • stethoscope - el estetoscopio
    • stretcher - la camilla
    • suture (stitch) - la sutura
    • X-ray - el rayo X (pronounced ekis)
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    Suggested Classroom Activities

    This list provides an opportunity for students to build both their English and Spanish vocabularies. Particularly, the teacher should review List 1 to make sure students know what each profession specializes in. Go through the list in class and ask for volunteers to tell the class what they know about each profession listed. Any English terms that stump the class can be assigned for lookup.

    The list can be used in the exercise suggested in Part 1 of this series by dividing the class into three groups, having the students circulate and confer with other students and using the suggested worksheet for vocabulary building.

    The list can also be used in conversational practice as follows:

    Pair off the students and assign an appropriate number of terms from List 1 to each group. Students are to compose sentences using their assigned term from List 1 and adding at least one term from List 2 or List 3.

    Examples:

    El anestesista da los anastésticos al paciente durante la operación.

    El médico forense performa una autopsia.

    Consider adding a vocabulary matching quiz with selected vocabulary from this list. (Sample quiz follows this section.) A link to a sample downloadable quiz is available in the next section.

    Matching Quiz for Medical Occupations 

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    Downloadable Vocabulary Sheet

    A downloadable version of the medical vocabulary in this article is available at Spanish Medical Specialties.

    A downlaodable sample quiz for Vocabulary for Occupations is available. Substitute vocabulary from this article to use the quiz for this vocabulary lesson

Teaching Spanish Medical Vocabulary

Spanish students can enrich their vocabulary by focusing on specialized terms. This series provides specialized Spanish vocabulary lists relating to conditions, occupations and specialized equipment relating to the medical field. Also included are classroom handouts and sample classroom activities.
  1. Teaching Spanish Medical Vocabulary
  2. Teaching Spanish Vocabulary: Medical Professions

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