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The future tense is perhaps the most simple verb tense to cover since the conjugations are the same for –ar, -er, and –ir endings. In this lesson plan we will investigate future tense usage with regular verbs and introduce the twelve irregular verbs as well.
Lesson 2 Objectives:
- Students will become familiar with future tense conjugations for regular verbs with –ar, -er, and –ir endings.
- Students will be able to use future tense verbs in a sentence successfully.
- Students will become familiar with the future tense of twelve irregular verbs.
- Blank sheets of paper
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1. Introduction: Review subject pronouns by having students come up and write on them on the board (i.e. yo, tú, él, ella, usted, nosotros(as), ustedes, ellos(as)). *Note: vosotros(as) may be added in if necessary.
2. Remind the students of how in Spanish, verbs are conjugated to express tense. Also explain to students that future tense is a bit simpler in that –ar, -er, and –ir endings all are the same: the verb stays the same and letters are added to the end to express future. Create a chart on the board and allow students to copy down in their notebooks. Give an example verb for each.
- –ar verbs: add -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án. (hablaré, hablarás, hablará, hablaremos, hablarán)
- –er verbs: add -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án. (beberé, beberás, beberá, beberemos, beberán)
- –ir verbs: add -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -án. (viviré, vivirás, vivirá, viviremos, vivirán)
3. Put sentences on the board and have students come up and conjugate.
- Él ______________ (jugar) fútbol el viernes. (jugará)
- Tú ______________ (tocar) en el concierto el jueves. (tocarás)
- Nosotras ______________ (ver) la película la próxima semana. (veremos)
- Ellos _________________ (ir) al partido en la noche. (irán)
- Yo ________________ (comer) en el restaurante mañana. (comeré)
4. Explain that there are twelve irregular conjugations in the future tense and have the students write them in their notes. While practicing these conjugations will require another lesson, it is important to at least introduce the irregulars so that students don’t make mistakes and pick up bad habits. (12 irregulars: caber- cabré, decir-diré, haber-habré, hacer-haré, poder-podré, poner-pondré, querer-querré, saber-sabré, salir-saldré, tener-tendré, valer-valdré, venir-vendré)
5. Play a sequencing game. Call out a sentence that includes a subject doing something in the future. Have one student invent a future tense sentence about what the person will do next. Have four other students build onto the story and see how the story plays out. Start again with five more students. If you want more writing practice, have the student write down the story sequences as the story is created. Here are some story starter ideas:
- Mañana Tamara irá a la biblioteca…
- Mi equipo favorito jugará el jueves…
- El viernes comeremos en mi restaurante favorito…
- El bebé nacerá en Octubre…
6. Give students a piece of paper and have them write two things that they will do during the upcoming weekend using the future tense and collect the paper.
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Collect the papers in which the students wrote what they would do over the weekend. Check for any confusion with future tense.
Students should catch on to future tense usage fairly quickly, but it is important not to rush through it. Make sure students have a good handle on the future tense before moving on because the tenses are about to become a bit more complicated!
Spanish Lesson Plan: The Future Verb Tense
This unit goes through all the Spanish verb tenses: Present, Future, Preterite, Imperfect, and Conditional. These lessons are appropriate for beginner students in grades 8-12.