Duties and Roles
What are the duties of the Supreme Court? Each member has their own roles and responsibilities with the court. The Supreme Court is in session from the beginning of October until early July. The time the court is in session is known as a term. During each term the justices are involved in sitting and recessing. During sitting, similar to other judges, the justices hear cases and deliver opinions and verdicts. During recessing, the justices write opinions which are somewhat lengthy documents which state a position and reasoning for such position on a case as either for or against and issue or individual. Under Article III of the Constitution, the power of the Supreme Court extends to all law and equity cases arising from the Constitution, laws and treaties of the USA.
As the highest court in the country, the Supreme Court is also an appellate court. This means that appeals made in lower courts may be heard within the Supreme Court. Decisions made by the justices on these cases are considered final. The Supreme Court has also been active in outlining policies and procedures for the lower courts of the United States. Furthermore, the Supreme Court handles disputes between the states in America.
Outside the walls of the courtroom, the duties of the members of the Supreme Court extend. The Chief Justice, for example is responsible for swearing in the new President of the United States of America during inauguration. The Chief Justice also serves as Chancellor of the Smithsonian and as head of other museums.
Within the courtroom, the role of the Supreme Court is ultimately to uphold the law. As the highest court in the nation, the Supreme Court is responsible for the interpretation of laws and the interpretation of the Constitution.