The Taos Pueblo is built of multi-story adobe buildings and has been inhabited by Native Americans for over 1,000 years. According the to Taos Pueblo website, the Native Americans who inhabit the Pueblo hold their oral history in a fierce way, but do invite visitors.
Some archaeologists say Native Americans have lived in the Pueblo before Columbus came to America. Ruins have been dated back over 1,000 years and existing building construction is dated between 1000 and 1450 A.D. Both the north house or Hlauuma and the south house or Hlaukwima are considered to be the oldest most continuously inhabited Native American communities in the United States.
Structures are made of adobe which is earth mixed with straw and water. True adobe structures remain cool in the summer and warm in the winter months. Pine and Aspen trees are made into vigas and latillas that adorn the roof structures making them secure. Atop the vigas and latillas, roofs are further packed with layers of dirt. The adobe structures at the Taos Pueblo must be constantly maintained. Currently, there are approximately 150 residents who reside in homes free of electricity or running water.
Surprising to some, the religion of the Pueblo Indians is Catholic. In 1847 during the war with Mexico the US Army destroyed the church. In 1850, the San Geronimo or St. Jerome church was constructed and no visitors beyond Tiwa or Pueblo Indians are allowed inside the sacred structure.
The Pueblo’s tribal council consists of a war chief and 50 male tribal elders. Tribal governors along with staff are elected each year.