Specific Planet Facts
To remember the names of the planets, use one of these simple sentences; MoVE Me JaSUN. or Mark's Voice Effects Made Jim Sound Under Nets. Use these or other anagrams that you can make up.
Below is information about each planet. Planets are placed in order of closest to the Sun, with Mercury being the closest planet to the Sun and Neptune being the furthest planet from the Sun. All measurements are calculated in relation the Earth. (Earth will always equal 1 in these measurements.)
Planet Distance from Sun Mass Diameter Inferior/Superior Terrestrial/Jovian
Mercury 0.387 AU 0.055 .38 Inferior Terrestrial
Venus 0.723 AU 0.81 0.81 Inferior Terrestrial
Earth 1.0 AU 1.0 1.0 Terrestrial
Mars 1.524 AU 0.11 0.53 Superior Terrestrial
Jupiter 5.203 AU 318 11.2 Superior Jovian
Saturn 9.529 AU 94.3 9.46 Superior Jovian
Uranus 19.19 AU 14.54 4.0 Superior Jovian
Neptune 30.06 AU 17.1 3.88 Superior Jovian
To see a planets exact distance from the Sun, use the formula for astronomical units. For instance, figure out the planet Neptune's distance from the sun. The formula is 30.06AU or 30.06(1.5 x 108km) or 30.06(9.3 x 107 mi.)
This study guide will help Physical Science students to understand some of the basic concepts about planets. These concepts will help students to understand some basic points about individual planets as well as general planetary concepts.