Ants act like six-legged kamikazes. They are the chief predators of insects and spiders.
They have compound eyes with hundreds of lenses, but they have poor eyesight. The many lenses just allow them to detect movement.
Ants can give and receive messages through antennae and touching each other.
Ants can suck liquids from plants then move them. Ant larvae do eat solid food, so worker ants bring it back for them, feeding each other intimately mouth-to-mouth.
Ants control, change and adapt their environment by means of mass action, swarm and division of labor.
Ants also employ slavery and slave-making—dulosis—almost like the capture and domestication of dogs and cattle by humans.
The number of behavior activities from grooming, egg care, laying odor trails and more numbers from 20 to 42 accomplishments across species.
Like all insects, the outside of their body is covered with a hard armor called an exoskeleton.
About their amazing ability to carry things: the ant neck joint is complex, a highly integrated machine-like system.
To simulate their carry ability, researchers ran lab experiments using 3-D models. They found that, surprisingly, the ant’s simulated neck joints could withstand about 5,000 times the ant's body weight. In addition, they found that an ant's neck-joint structure, when its head is aligned straight as opposed to turned, has the most strength.
The antennae of ants are typically jointed in the middle. They might resemble termites at first glance, but ants have a narrow “waist" between the abdomen and thorax, which termites do not. Ants also have large heads, elbowed antennae and powerful jaws.
Worker ants use their jaws for many tasks including defense, nest building and caring for larvae. For combat, it’s all about the jaws. They grip one another in a mandible-to-mandible hold, pulling, strangling and cutting off the limbs of opponents. Like wire clippers, their jaws are snipping off heads, legs and other body parts of enemy insects.