Meiosis and Cytokinesis in Animal Cells
Similar to mitosis, meiosis is the division of sexual gametes such as the sperm and ova cells. The stages of meiosis are similar to mitosis in that it has prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. Meiosis's stages in order are: prophase I, metaphase I, anaphase I, telophase I followed by meiosis II which ends with prophase II, metaphase II, anaphase II, and telophase II.
The main difference between mitosis and meiosis is that meiosis completes the process twice because it has to divide the cells first into two haploid cells in meiosis I and later divides into two more haploid cells in meiosis II. What's the difference between diploid and haploid cells?
It simply refers to the amount of genetic material that is passed on to the new cells. For example, haploid cells only receive half the chromosomes because these sex cells will receive the other half when they are fertilized. Diploid cells, on the other hand, receive roughly the full genetic material because they will never be fertilized (they are somatic after all).
So how does cytokinesis in animals happen in meiosis? Remarkably, it is the exact same as in mitosis; however, it happens two times, once in telophase I and next in telophase II. The only real difference is that cytokinesis is dividing haploid cells instead of diploid cells in mitosis. It is also important to remember that meiosis creates four haploid cells rather than mitosis which creates two diploid cells.