Why Are They Important?
As mentioned earlier, the number of valence electrons the atom holds the more stable it is. In addition to that, the amount of valence electrons in the outer shell determines how atoms interact with one another. Based upon the information from these two statements, it’s easy to see just how important valence electrons are to an atom.
To understand how an atom reaches stability it’s vital to know the function and importance of valence electrons. Without these electrons, the atom simply could not exist. It provides a variety of functions that enable it to create a foundation for chemical bonds.
We know that water consists of two hydrogen elements and one oxygen element. We must drink water to survive. It’s necessary to use water in our everyday lives. It’s essential to our living. But with all that being said, I highly doubt many people understand the complex procedure that had to take place to make this water. For water to achieve stability and form a covalent bond, oxygen has to gain two atoms, while hydrogen has to gain or lose one atom. The two hydrogen atoms and the oxygen share the electrons, which, in turn, form a water molecule.
Water is one of many interesting examples of how valence electrons are at work in our world today. Take a look around you. Our earth is simply filled with endless beautifully complex creations, much to the thanks of the work of valence electrons.