The Elements of a Habitat for a Science Project
A habitat contains the necessities of life including food, water, shelter and space for the animal to roam. All of these elements should be present in your habitat. Do research on the particular animal to determine what it eats, how it gets its water, and what sort of shelter and amount of space it requires.
Food comes in many different forms. Some animals are herbivores and eat only plants. Others are carnivores and eat animals. Omnivores eat both plants and animals, while detritivores eat up what we may consider to be waste products such as old leaves. Water does not need to come from a pond or a creek. It is present in the food that animals eat, and it is also present in the environment in forms such as dew and puddles.
Shelter is the place where an animal hides, sleeps, or raises its young. Types of shelter include nests, holes, caves, or simply cones or pieces of log. Shelters are large or very small depending on the animal. Space is the place where an animal roams, often to find food and water, seek out new territory, or find a mate.