Teach your students basic facts about the Indian Elephant and its habitat. This lesson plan can also help develop cultural knowledge, language skills, creative skills and fine motor skills.
- Posters, photographs and videos of Indian elephants
- Posters, photographs and videos of India
- Map of India
- Drawing paper
- Card stock sheets
- Toilet paper tube
- A glass or cup
- Wool or ribbon
- Wiggly eyes
Background Knowledge for Teacher
Elephants, the largest land mammals, belong to the Order Proboscidea. There are three species, the Asian elephant, the Savanna elephant and the Forest elephant. The Asian elephant has four subspecies, the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri Lankan elephant and the Borneo elephant.
The Indian elephant, known zoologically as Elephas maximus indica, is, in the wild, found in forested areas in India, Pakistan, Bangaldesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand. It is an endangered animal.
Indian elephants are smaller in size than African elephants, and have smaller ears and tusks. They are also more amenable in nature, and can be trained to work with people.
Over centuries, Indian elephants have been used for work, for entertainment and for military purposes. The Indian elephant is also revered in the Hindu religion. The Hindu god, Ganesh, has the head of an elephant, and elephants take part in many temple festivals.