Using Popular Toys and Games
Preschoolers respond well to free play and structured play. You can use popular toys and games that you already have on hand to teach basic pre-k math skills. Here is an outline of some popular toys and games you can use, along with skills lists that each will naturally cover.
Hi Ho Cherry-O!
This game teaches counting and basic sorting. With each move, your preschooler will have the opportunity to count his cherries. Sometimes he will have to dump his bucket and start over. You can also teach the idea of basic measurement: a full bucket versus a half bucket. Like most classic games, this is teaching so much more than basic math.
This game is a fun way to learn colors and counting and the concept is simple enough for very young preschoolers. You could also use the game cards to teach matching by handing the child a specific color card or character card and asking them to find the match on the game board.
Bingo games of all kinds can be purchased or you can make your own using only the numbers 1 through 10. This teaches number recognition. Plus it's fun to be the first to get a BINGO!
This card game reinforces color and number recognition. You also have to count out everyone's cards and then add up the scores. You can also play matching games with these cards.
Most preschoolers love to build with Duplos, the larger brick building blocks by Lego. You can sort by color or size, build towers with 2 blocks or 6 blocks, build a tower and then count the blocks, or create patterns with different colors and sizes. This toy leaves plenty of room for imagination.