The children will meet new friends called the Eskimos. Discuss how the Eskimo children enjoy playing and learning. They do not live in igloos, but in normal houses and go to schools just like ordinary children. Read the book Alaska ABC Book, by Charlene Keeger and Shannon Cartwright. This book has native words and pictures of the alphabet that the children will also enjoy listening to and reading on their own.
Explain how severely cold the winters are in Alaska and Canada, where the Eskimos live. Alaska is also part of the same country, the United States, where we live. Show them a globe and a world map and place a star onto North America. Show them the United States and Canada. Place a different color star on them as a reference.
The animals that live there are seals, whales, walrus, moose, caribou and Polar bears. The Eskimos hunt and fish for food. The Eskimo children love to hear stories of how their ancestors survived in the rugged frozen tundra, using the animals to supply oil for lamps, hides and fur for clothing to stay warm.
For transportation, the dogs would pull the sleds or the men would travel the rivers in canoes called kayaks. The entire family would travel on a boat called the umiak. Today, the Eskimo families are close and depend on each other to live in the harsh climate. Except for a few modern conveniences, the culture and lives of the Eskimos have changed very little.