Early childhood intervention strategies depends on the type of developmental delay the child has as well as how the child is diagnosed. Normally, interventions may include speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychological counseling, vision therapy, and physical therapy.
Speech Therapy: This type of therapy would be used for language and communication delays. It focuses on speech, language, oropharyngeal, and cognitive factors in communication.
Occupational Therapy: Is aimed at helping developmental delays associated with cognitive, motor, sensory, play skills, and communication. Goals and therapy interventions are set up depending on what skill the child needs to work on. An example may be if child can not properly grasp foods or small items with her fingers. The occupational therapist will then focus activities on grasping and picking up small items.
Physical Therapy: Will provide therapy intervention for gross motor delays and physical development. An example can be if a child has a delay with walking. The physical therapist will use techniques to help diminish the delay and fine tune the child's walking.
Vision Therapy: Can actually be referred to as physical therapy for the eyes. If there is an eye problem such as lazy eye, double vision, or crossed eyes, these issues can be fixed using vision therapy.
Psychological Counseling: Counseling sessions can be made available not only for the children but also also for the family, provided individually or in family sessions.
These are only some of the options available for early childhood intervention strategies. These options can be performed in the classroom, home, or even an agency setting.