First of the Year
At the start of first grade, they are expected to know all of the words learned in preschool and kindergarten or words from the pre-primer list. First grade-level reading targets the retention of sight words. Homework and class work alike revolve heavily around common words that the student rehearses and recites regularly. Beyond remembering words, they learn to decode words and comprehend text. Text will be short and words small, but basic reading skills (primer words) will definitely be developed toward mastery.
Writing and Spelling
First graders start to work on capitalization and punctuation in the first portion of the school year. Spelling lists consist of short words that practice letter sound.
Counting small units of money is a first-grade skill along with skip counting. This complex subject will build steadily over the next few years. The child learns to count to 100 and above as she learns addition and subtraction. You can read about a first grade and Kindergarten activity using a tiny seed.
Very basic concepts about the world of science, geography, civics, and social studies reach the first grader on field trips, through movies, and in class play. These topics are less likely to be interesting to this age group so it is made fun through the implementation of these strategies, but be assured that they are learning these subject areas, just on their processing level.