Understanding how we inherit our traits through heredity is a very big concept tested on many local and state exams. Students need to know the following essential vocabulary to complete this activity: genes, genotype, phenotype, heredity, trait, genetic variation.
The following New York State Intermediate Science learning standards are addressed in this lesson:
2.1a Hereditary information is contained in genes. Genes are composed of DNA that makes up the chromosomes of cells.
2.1b Each gene carries a single unit of information. Asingle inherited trait of an individual can be determined by one pair or by many pairs of genes. A human cell containsthousands of different genes
2.2a In all organisms, genetic traits are passed on from generation to generation.
2.2b Some genes are dominant and some are recessive. Some traits are inherited by mechanisms other than dominance and recessiveness.
None, other than pencil and paper and other classmates