Just What is an Archetype?
The idea of archetypes is a lot simpler than the word would imply, especially for middle school students, but your archetypes webquest activity needs to begin with a discussion of what the term means.
The notion of the archetype started with Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist who was doing his own pioneer work in the field at about the same time as Sigmund Freud. Jung suggested that all people have the same inward psychological desires and tendencies, and these take certain forms in the way we describe reality, and in the way we tell stories.
And so there are several different forms that archetypes take. There are archetypal events, such as death, marriage, leaving home, and initiation into a group. There are archetypal figures, such as the hero, the father, the wise old man and woman, the hero, the devil, and God.
One, or some, or many of these events and concepts appear in just about every story out there. With this in mind, let's move to the webquest project.