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About the Story
The Sign of the Beaver book by Elizabeth George Speare is an historical fiction classic and winner of a Newbery Honor. It is the story of a twelve-year old pioneer boy who is left alone to protect his family's cabin and tend the crops. He befriends an Indian boy and together they have adventures and learn to accept their different cultures. Students will use context clues, dictionary skills and other activities to learn some new vocabulary from the book.
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New Word Fun... Let's Get Started
Listed below are twenty vocabulary words from the book. Next to each is the page number where the word appears. Use this as a resource for your students to use context clues to figure out the meaning of the new word. Then have them use a dictionary to see a more complete meaning. Dictionary work can be done with a partner.
1. blunderbuss - page 4; short-barreled gun with flared muzzle
2. chinking - page 7; filling in the cracks. Matt used clay from the bank along the creek when he was chinking the spaces between logs.
3. flint - page 8; hard gray rock used with steel to produce an igniting spark
4. gaunt - page 94; thin and haggard from hunger or age
5. ramshackle - page 85; in a state of disrepair
6. typhus - page 131; infectious disease with an eruption of purple rash, which historically caused death
7. lustrous - page 124; shining
9. puncheon table - page 3; table made with a rough board that has a flat side
10. breechcloth - page 28
11. proprietors - page 9; the owner of a business
12. pewter - page 133; an alloy of tin sometimes used to make kitchen utensils and dishes
13. johnnycake - page 5; type of cornbread made in a griddle
14. stockade - page 78; a barrier formed from upright wooden posts
15. contortions - page 81; twist or bend out of its normal state
16. tribute - page 75; intended to show gratitude, respect or admiration
17. pungent - page 78; sharp strong taste or smell
18. comradeship - page 114; a companion who share’s one’s activities
19. boggy - page 23; wet, muddy ground too soft to support a human body
20. caribou - page 121; large North American reindeer
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Word Work Activities
1. Write a word on a file card. Write a short definition on another card. When you have all the words and definition written down on cards, turn them face down on the floor or table. Play a memory game, matching the word with the definition.
2. Students can choose assigned number of words to make a picture dictionary.
3. Students can write sentences using the words. Check for correct word meaning, complete sentences, correct capitalization and punctuation.
4. Play twenty questions. One student gives clues to a vocabulary word that his team needs to guess.
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Fill in the Blank Activities
1. We sat at the ______________to eat dinner.
2. The Indian stew had a ___________odor that filled the air.
3. Winning the gold medal was a _________to his skill.
4. The large ____________ hid among the forest trees.
5. The outbreak of ____________ killed many settlers.
6. Matt found the Indian’s wigwam beyond the _____________ made of wooden posts.
7. He used the ____________ to shoot at the rabbit.
8. We used a recipe with cornmeal and made some _____________ to eat with dinner.
9. The old _________________ cottage needed many repairs.
10 Mr. and Mrs. Smith, ___________ of the Main Street Pizza Shop, gave us free pizza on the day of the game.
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Your students will enhance their learning by doing the vocabulary activities in the Sign of the Beaver book. Some of the words will be seen in again in the study of pioneers in Social Studies.
- Classroom teaching experience.