Be a Word Detective
Word wall activities are designed to help students uncover patterns in spelling. Foster this by teaching your students how to be Word Detectives by follow these steps:
1. Identify which words you will be introducing for the week. These may be pattern words, high-frequency words, words from a specific spelling program or thematic words.
2. Write a sentence for each word. Be sure to use the word in its appropriate context.
3. Write the sentences on the chalkboard...but leave the key word blank.
For example: The first word of the week is "cow." The sentence could read, "The ___ eats grass.")
4. Have the students read the sentence first to themselves.
5. Next, have a volunteer read the sentence out loud with the "blank" included.
For example: The student would say, "The blank eats grass.")
6. Ask students to suggest possible words that might make sense in the sentence. Students are to say their suggested word first, and then use it in the given sentence.
For example: The student might say, "Goat. The goat eats grass."
7. Ask that same student if the suggested word makes sense in the sentence:
- If the word does not make sense, go on to the next volunteer - repeating the same process.
- If the word does make sense, but it is not the intended word, acknowledge that it makes sense and then say, "Unfortunately it is not the word we are looking for." Move on to the next volunteer and repeat the same procedure.
- If the word does make sense, and it is in fact the intended word, write the word in the blank and move on to step #8.
8. Have the entire class read the sentence out loud with the intended word in it.
9. Chant/clap the word together. (Make this part fun! You can chant it loud, soft, high like an opera singer would, low like a bass drum would sound, or as quiet as a mouse.)
10. If you use personal dictionaries, you can have students add the new word in at this time. Ask them to identify what letter the word would be under in the dictionary. Have students turn to that letter in their own dictionary, and ask that they add it to the previous list of words. The teacher should circulate around the room checking that each student has written the word correctly (spelling, letter size and formation.) To help, the teacher should repeatedly chant the word while circulating.
For example: "Cow. C-o-w. Cow."
11. Chant/clap the word one last time as a class.
12. If you use a word wall, you might want to continue working with the word by listing rhyming words, using the word at the beginning or in the middle of a different sentence, reviewing other Word Wall words that begin the same way, and so forth.
13. Move on to the next sentence, repeating the above steps.