CCSS.Math.Content.1.OA.B.3 Apply properties of operations as strategies to add and subtract.
1. Do some mental math: Write a single digit number on the board. Let’s say it’s 4. Then call out number equations like, “plus 3". The student should answer, “7". Then you might say, “minus 2" and the student should answer, “2".
2. Give a deck of playing cards (without the face cards) to pairs of students. Play the game of War in a different way. You might have them see who has the smallest number or who can add the two cards together first or who can subtract the fastest. Set the timer for five minutes. You may want to add a third person to the group to be the “Judge".
CCSS.Math.Content.1.MD.C.4 Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.
3. Construct a quick graph everyday. Use a magnetic board and the magnetic student nametags. Then ask a simple question like, “What is the best pet you could have?" Then give choices like dog, cat, horse, snake, other. Instruct students to place their nametags next to best pet. Discuss the results. Which is best? Which is worst? What were the pet choices in the “other" category?
CCSS.Math.Content.1.NBT.A.1 Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral.
4. Play “Duck, Duck, Goose" but do it by counting: “It" taps heads and counts by 2’s to reach 20. The person who is number 20 chases “It" to see if “It" can return to the right place. Other ideas: Count by 10’s to 100, count by 5’s to 50, count backwards from 20, start at 111 and count to 120.
5. Pass out ten pieces of construction paper with a number written on it. Ask the students to come up one at a time in number order from smallest to largest number.
CCSS.Math.Content.K.MD.A.2 Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has “more of"/“less of" the attribute, and describe the difference.
6. Place four objects, three of which have something in common, on the floor in the middle of a circle of students. Ask for a volunteer to pick the one with the commonality and explain why. Use animal picture cards or pictures from a magazine.
Learning can be fun in just five minutes!