Latin Positive Comparative Adjectives
Latin employs positive comparative adjectives to make comparisons just as English does. Like English, Latin sometimes uses a linking verb to associate the quality implied by the adjective to a subject. Of course, Latin also uses inflections to not only indicate the type of comparison being made but its use in a sentence (i.e. to which word the comparison is directed). Similarly to English, the positive form of comparative adjectives is the most common.
The positive form of Latin positive adjectives is formed much like English; it uses a linking verb to connect a quality to a subject. For example:
Vir est longus (The man is tall)
Fructus est acer. (The fruit is bitter)
Like English, a positive comparative adjective can be linked with any linking verb. For example:
Vir erat longus (The man was tall)
Vir erit longus (The man will be tall)
Just like any Latin adjective, it must agree with its subject in case, number, and gender. Remember that this does not mean it must have the same form. If we changed the subject of one of the subjects about to “nauta," we must be certain that the adjective agrees in case, number, and gender only. For example,
Nauta est longus (The sailor is tall).
Although “nauta" has the feminine form of the first declension, it is, in fact, a masculine noun and, therefore, needs the masculine adjective “longus" not “longa."