The English Present Participle
English Present Participles are easy to spot because they are the –ing form of verbs. English Present Participles include:
The English Present Participle has three main functions:
(1) To be part of a verb phrase to form the progressive, such as:
John is walking down the street.
Mark was trying to climb the fence.
(2) To act as an adjective when describing a noun or pronoun, such as:
Mary is an amazing athlete.
She was amazing.
(3) To act as an adjective that introduces a participial phrase, such as:
Mary, running down the street, was a sight.
Mark looked at Mary running down the street.
In these cases, the participial phrases are modifying the subject (Mary) in the first example and the direct object (Mary) in the second example.