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Spanish Vocabulary and Expressions: Una Visita al Médico

written by: KellenKautzman • edited by: Tricia Goss • updated: 1/17/2012

You are traveling abroad. What if you need to visit a doctor? Would you know how to explain your symptoms? Do you know how to say "fever" or "diabetes" in Spanish? If the answer is no, then take a look at this Spanish medical vocabulary.

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    All You Need to Know When Visiting Your Doctor

    Spanish medical vocabulary So, you are feeling ill and need to go to the doctor in a Spanish-speaking country. But wait! You are not at home, and it would be helpful to know the basics for communicating medical needs in Spanish. Don't panic: here are some Spanish medical vocabulary words and expressions, from facilities and specialties to disease names and typical expressions. You can also learn more Spanish vocabulary using the Internet.

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    Lugares y Departamentos (Facilities and Departments)

    • (el) ambulatorio – Outpatients' department
    • (la) cirugía – Surgery
    • (la) clínica – Clinic
    • (la) consulta – Office hours
    • (la) enfermería – Sick bay
    • (la) ginecología – Gynecology
    • (la) hematología – Hematology
    • (el) hospital – Hospital
    • (la) maternidad – Maternity hospital;
    • (la medicina general – Family medicine
    • (la) oncología – Oncology
    • (la) pediatría – Pediatrics
    • (la) psiquiatría – Psychiatry
    • (los) rayos X – X-Ray
    • (la) sala de espera – Waiting room
    • (la) Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) – Intensive Care Unit, ICU
    • (la) Unidad de Vigilancia Intensiva (UVI) – Intensive Care unit, ICU
    • (las) Urgencias – Emergency Room
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    Personales Médicos (Medical Personnel)

    • (el) cirujano – Surgeon
    • (el) dentista – Dentist
    • (el) enfermero, (la) enfermera – Nurse
    • (el) ginecólogo – Gynecologist
    • (la) matrona – Midwife
    • (el) médico de familia – Family doctor
    • (el) neurólogo – Neurologist
    • (el) oculista, (el) oftalmólogo – Ophthalmologist
    • (el) oncólogo – Oncologist
    • (el / la) pediatra – Pediatrician
    • (el) psicólogo – Psychologist
    • (el / la) psiquiatra – Psychiatrist
    • (el / la) tocólogo – Obstetrician
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    Síntomas (Symptoms)

    • (la) alergia – Allergy
    • Alucinar – To hallucinate
    • (la) congestión – Congestion
    • (el) corte – Cut
    • (la) diarrea – Diarrhea
    • (el) dolor – Ache, pain
    • (el) dolor de barriga – Bellyache
    • (el) dolor de cabeza – Headache
    • (el) dolor de oídos – Earache
    • (la) fiebre – Fever
    • (la) hemorragia nasal – Nosebleed
    • (la) herida – Injury
    • (la) infección – Infection
    • (la) irritación – Irritation
    • (la) migraña – Migraine
    • (la) náusea – Nausea
    • (el) picor – Itch
    • (el) temblor – Shivering;
    • (la) tos – Cough
    • Toser – To cough
    • (el) vómito – Vomiting
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    Nombres de las Partes del Cuerpo (Names of General Body Parts)

    • (la) arteria – Artery
    • (la) boca – Mouth
    • (el) brazo – Arm
    • (el) cabello, (el) pelo – Hair
    • (la) cabeza – Head
    • (la) cara – Face
    • (el) codo – Elbow
    • (el) corazón – Heart
    • (el) cuello – Neck
    • (el) dedo de la mano – Finger
    • (el) dedo del pie – Toe
    • (el) diente – Tooth
    • (la) espalda – Back
    • (el) estómago – Stomach
    • (la) garganta – Thoat
    • (el) hígado – Liver
    • (el) hombre – Shoulder
    • (la) lengua – Tongue
    • (la) mano – Hand
    • (la) nariz – Nose
    • (el) ojo – Eye
    • (la) oreja, (el) oído – Ear
    • (la) pierna – Leg
    • (el) pulmón – Lung
    • (el) riñón – Kidney
    • (la) rodilla – knee
    • (la) sangre – Blood
    • (el) tobillo – Ankle
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    Explicar sus síntomas al doctor (Explaining your symptoms to the doctor)

    Let's imagine you go to the doctor and the doctor asks you:

    • ¿Qué le pasa? - What's happening to you?

    or

    • ¿Cómo se siente? - How do you feel?

    You'll need some concrete expressions to make the doctor know about your health:

    • Tengo fiebre. – I have a temperature.
    • Me mareo. – I feel dizzy.
    • Me encuentro mal. – I feel unwell.
    • Me duele la cabeza. – I have a headache.
    • Me duelen las muelas. – I have a toothache.
    • Me duele el estómago. – I have a stomachache.
    • Me duele aquí. – I have a pain here
    • Tengo quemaduras de sol. – I have sunburn.
    • Estoy tomando esta/estas medicina/s. – I am taking "x" medicine(s).
    • Necesito una receta para este medicamento. – I need a new prescription for this " x" medicine.
    • Necesito una medicina para la migraña / dolor de oídos / alergias. – I need medicine for a migraine/earache/allergies.

    And let the doctor know that:

    • Soy alérgico a la penicilina. – I am allergic to penicillin.
    • Estoy embarazada. – I am pregnant.
    • ¡Me estoy poniendo de parto ahora! – I am going into labor (having the baby) now!
    • Tomé este alimento / Tomé esta medicina antes. – I ate this food/ took this medicine earlier.
    • Tuve un ataque al corazón / una apoplejía / una rotura de hueso. – I have had this happen/a heart attack /stroke/broken bone before.
    • Aquí está la información de mi seguro. – Here is my insurance information.
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    Enfermedades (Illnesses)

    • (la) bronquitis – Bronchitis
    • (la) diabetes – Diabetes
    • (la) gastroenteritis – Gastroenteritis
    • (la) gripe – Flu
    • (la) hepatitis – Hepatitis
    • (la) infección – Infection
    • (el) insomnio – Insomnia
    • (la) otitis – Ear infection
    • (el) resfriado, (el) catarro – A cold
    • (el) reumatismo – Rheumatism
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    ¿Qué su doctor dice? (What does your doctor say?)

    • Tiene que hacerse una prueba. – You need to have a test done.
    • Tiene que ir al hospital (inmediatamente). – You must go to the hospital (immediately).
    • Tiene que ir a Urgencias. – You must go to the Emergency room.
    • Pida este producto en la farmacia. – Ask for this product at the drugstore.
    • Compre este producto en la farmacia, y tómelo x veces al día. – Get this product from the drugstore, and take it x times a day. (in case we are talking about a medicine to be taken)

    or

    • Compre este producto en la farmacia, y úselo x veces al día. – Get this product from the drugstore, and use it x times a day. (in case we are talking about a cream to be applied or similar.)
    • ¿Lleva ahora mismo con usted la medicina para esta enfermedad? – Do you have medicine for this problem with you?
    • ¿Qué medicinas está tomando ahora? – What medicines are you taking now?
    • No beba alcohol / no conduzca cuando tome esta medicina. – Do not drink alcohol/drive when you are taking this medicine.
    • No es grave – It is not serious.
    • ¿Es esta la primera vez que le pasa esto? – Is this the first time it happens to you?
    • Aquí tiene esta receta – Here you have this prescription.
    • Tiene que tomar esta medicina. – You have to take this medicine.
    • Tome esta medicina dos veces al día – Take this medicine twice a day.
    • Tendrá que visitar a un especialista. – You'll have to visit a specialist.

    References

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